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Principles and Methodology for the ‘Aqeedah of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah (part 2)

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    Principles and Methodology for the ‘Aqeedah of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah (part 2)

    Principles and Methodology for the Aqeedah of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaaah (part 2 of 2)

    Its Principles and Methodology (from 1 to 12 inshaAllaah)

    1) The source for aqeedah (belief) is the Book of Allaah (Quraan), the Sunnah of Allaahs Messenger salallaahu alaihi wa sallam and the Ijmaa (consensus) of the Salaf (Pious Predecessors).

    2) Everything that we have with us authentically reported from Allaahs Messenger salallaahu alaihi wa sallam, then we have to accept it.

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    "No leaf falls except that He knows of it, and no rain drop forms except that He has willed it."

    #2
    3) That which we refer back to in order to understand the Quraan and the Sunnah are those texts which explain others; and the understanding of the Salafus-Saalih (the Pious Predecessors) and those Scholars who followed their manhaj (methodology); and then what is correct from the language point of view. However, something established due to a possible language meaning should not be rejected.

    4) All the fundamental principles of the Deen were explained by the Prophet salallaahu alaihi wa sallam. That which was not considered part of the Deen at that time cannot be considered to be part of the Deen later.

    Comment


      #3
      5) Submission to Allaah and His Messenger salallaahu alaihi wa sallam both outwardly and inwardly. So nothing should be opposed from the Book, nor the authentic Sunnah with qiyaas (analogy), personal views, kashf (intuition), nor the saying of any Shaikh or Imaam etc.

      6) Correct and sound aql (reasoning or intellect) agrees with authentic naql (text) these two conform and what is qatee (definite) from either of them cannot contradict the other. If there is an apparent contradiction, then the text is given precedence.

      Comment


        #4
        Jazak'Allahu Khay'run ya Akhee:k

        ------------------
        'Rabbee zidnee`ilmaa'
        My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.[20:114]

        The Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) said:
        "Whoever sets out on a path to seek knowledge, Allaah will make easy his path to Paradise."
        [Saheeh Muslim]

        Comment


          #5
          wa'iyaaki ...

          7) It is imperative and obligatory to adhere to the textual and shareeah wordings in matters of aqeedah and to avoid innovated terms and wordings. As regards wordings which contain more than one meaning and may be correct or incorrect, then the meaning should be ascertained; so if the meaning is correct then it is affirmed with a Shareeah wording. However, if the meaning is incorrect, then it is rejected.

          8) Infallibility (i.e. being masoom) is established for Allaahs Messenger salallaahu alaihi wa sallam. The Ummah as a whole is also maasaam (infallible) and protected from uniting upon error and misguidance. However, as for the individuals of this Ummah, then they are not masoom (i.e. they err and make mistakes). So whenever there is a difference amongst Scholars, then we refer it back to the Book and the Sunnah, along with making an excuse from the one who has erred and is mistaken; since he is from the mujtahidoon (those Scholars who are qualified to extract rulings from the Book and the Sunnah) of this Ummah.

          Comment


            #6
            9) In this Ummah there are some who are muhaddath (addressed) with ilhaam (intuition). Good dreams are true and a part of Prophethood. Likewise, truthful intuition is a true fact and is considered being one of the karamaat (miraculous occurences) with the condition that it conforms to and agrees with the Revelation. However, such dreams and intuitions are neither a source for deriving matters of aqeedah nor Shareeah.

            10) Argumentation about the Deen is something censured, whilst debating in a good manner is something good and prescribed. However, there are certain matters which it is not permissible to debate and argue about. It is obligatory to with hold from speaking about those matters that one has no knowledge of and to refer knowledge of it back to Allaah.

            ----------------------
            "No leaf falls except that He knows of it, and no rain drop forms except that He has willed it."

            Comment


              #7
              11) It is essential and obligatory to adhere to the same methodology of the Revelation when refuting. So an innovation is not refuted with another innovation, negligence and falling short is not refuted with extremity, nor is extremity refuted with negligence.

              12) Every newly-invented matter in the Deen is bidah (innovation). Every bidah is going astray and misguidance, and every misguidance is in the Fire.

              Comment

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