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    hadeeth about najd


    The Hadeeth of Najd
    The Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, said,
    "O Allaah bestow your blessings on our Shaam. O Allaah bestow your blessings on our Yemen." The people said, "O Messenger of Allaah, and our Najd." I think the third time the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, said, "There (in Najd) will occur earthquakes, trials and tribulations, and from their appears the Horn of Satan."
    Reported in al-Bukhaaree [Book of Trials, Chpt. 'The afflictions will come from the East' 9/166 no. 214 Eng. Trans]

    A hadeeth which has some controversy surrounding it due to obvious sectarian reasons. A hadeeth which has been (deliberately) misunderstood by certain groups of people in order that they may spread their misguidance and deceive ignorant Muslims.

    This because upon research and investigation and looking to the words of our early scholars we find that this hadeeth does not refer to the Najd that is famously known in Saudi today, but rather it refers to Iraaq.

    Amongst the scholars that are mentioned who referred this hadeeth to Iraaq were: al-Khattaabee, al-Kirmaanee, al-Aynee, an-Nawawee, ibn Hajr and others. The reasons behind this are numerous and clear:


    The Generality of the Hadeeth Pertaining to the Fitna Coming from the East.
    Al-Bukhaaree includes this hadeeth in the chapter: "The affliction will appear from the East"
    212) From the father of Saalim: The Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, stood up besides the pulpit (and pointed towards the east) and said: "Afflictions are there! Afflictions are there! From where appears the horn of Satan" or he said, "the horn of the Sun"

    213) From ibn Umar that he said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu alyahi wa sallam, saying while facing the east: "Indeed Afflictions are there, from where appears the Horn of Satan."

    214) The hadeeth of Najd under discussion.

    Similar hadeeth can be found in Saheeh Muslim (volume 4 no.'s. 6938+). Hadeeth that give the same meaning can be found in Saheeh Muslim (volume 1 no.'s 83+)


    That the Generality of the Early Trials and Tribulations arose from the East, many of them actually in Iraaq itself.
    Ibn Hajr al-Asqalaanee said after quoting the words of al-Khattaabee explaining the meaning of Qarn (horn), "and others have said that the People of the East were disbelievers at that time and the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, informed us that the trials and tribulations would arise from that direction and it was as he said. And the first of the trials that arose, arose from the direction of the east and they were the reason for the splitting of the Muslim ranks, and this is what Satan loves and delights in. Likewise the innovations appeared from that direction." [Fath al-Baaree 13/58 in commentary to the hadeeth of Najd]
    Amongst the trials that arose in Iraaq and the east was the martyrdom of Alee, the martyrdom of the grandson of the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, the first battle between the Muslims occurred in Iraaq, and many more.

    Imaam Nawawee mentions that one of the greatest trials to appear from the East will be the appearance of the Dajjaal. [Sharh Saheeh Muslim 2/29]

    From the innovations that appeared in the east and specifically Iraaq, was many of the early deviant sects amongst them the Qadariyyah (as the first hadeeth in Muslim shows), the Jahmiyyah and their offshoots etc...

    That at the time of the Prophet, sallaahu alayhis wa sallaam, there were 13 places known as Najd [according to 'Najd Qarnu ash-Shaytaan'] depending on where one was. This because Najd linguistically means a raised/elevated land. Therefore the Arabs referred to lands that were elevated with respect to them as Najd. One of the most commonly referred to areas at that time as Najd was Iraaq.


    The Najd for those people living in Madeenah in the direction of the East would be Iraaq.
    Ibn Hajr said: "al-Khattaabee said: 'the najd in the direction of the east, and for the one who is in Madeenah then his Najd would be the desert of Iraaq and it's regions [baadiya al-Iraaq wa Nawaaheehaa] for this is to the east of the People of Madeenah. The basic meaning of Najd is that which is raised/elevated from the earth in contravention to al-Gawr for that is what is lower than it. Tihaamah [the coastal plain along the south-western and southern shores of the Arabian Peninsula] is entirely al-Gawr and Mecca is in Tihaamah.'"
    Ibn Hajr continues, "by this [saying of al-Khattaabee] the weakness of the saying of ad-Daawodee is understood that 'Najd is in the direction of Iraaq' [min Naahiya al-Iraaq] for he suggests that Najd is a specific place. This is not the case, rather everything that is elevated with respect to what adjoins it is called Najd and the lower area called Gawr." [Fath al-Baaree 13/58-59]

    Al-Mubaarakfooree endorses these words in his commentary to Sunan at-Tirmidhee (10/314 no.4212)


    The Hadeeth in Saheeh Muslim [4/1505 no.6943]
    Saalim bin Abdullaah bin Umar said: O people of Iraaq, how strange is it that you ask about the minor sins but commit the major sins? [The killing of al-Husayn] I heard my father, Abdullaah bin Umar narrating that he heard the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, saying while pointing his hand to the east: "Indeed the turmoil would come from this side, from where appear the horns of Satan and you would strike the necks of one another..."

    The Variations in Wording of the Hadeeth of Najd that Leave no Doubt Whatsoever as to what it refers to.
    The hadeeth of ibn Umar Reported by Abu Nu'aym in al-Hilya (6/133), "O Allaah bestow your blessings on our Madeenah, and bestow your blessings on our Mecca, and bestow your blessings on our Shaam, and bestow your blessings on our Yemen, and bestow your blessings in our measuring (fee saa'inaa wa muddinaa)." A person said, " O Messenger of Allaah and in our Iraaq" and so he turned away from him and said, "there will occur earthquakes, trials and tribulations and there will appear the horn of Satan."
    Shu'ayb al-Arna'ut declares it's isnaad to be saheeh as in his footnotes to 'Sharh as-Sunnah' (14/206-207 fn. 2) and he too endorses the words of al-Khattaabee quoted above.

    The hadeeth of ibn Umar reported in at-Tabaraanee in 'al-Awsat' that the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam prayed Fajr and then faced the people and said, "O Allaah bestow your blessings on our Madeenah, O Allaah bestow your blessings in our measuring, O Allaah bestow your blessings in our Shaam and our Yemen." A person said, "And Iraaq O Messenger of Allaah?" He said, "from there arises the horn of Satan and the trials and tribulations would come like mounting waves."

    Ibn Hajr al-Haythamee says in his 'Mujma az-Zawaa'id' (3/305 - chapter 'collection of du'aas made for (Madeenah)'): 'its narrators are trustworthy and precise.'

    [This hadeeth could possibly considered to be the same as b) above, but I have included it separately due to the slight difference in wording. Allaah knows best.]

    The hadeeth of ibn Abbaas reported by at-Tabaraanee in 'al-Kabeer' that the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, supplicated and said, "O Allaah bestow your blessings on our Shaam and Yemen." A person from amongst the people said, "O Prophet of Allaah and Iraaq?" He said, "indeed there is the Horn of Satan, and the trials and tribulations will come like mounting waves, and indeed harshness/coarseness is in the east."

    Al-Haythamee says: "it's narrators are trustworthy and precise." (ibid.)


    The Virtues of Bani Tameem
    Bani Tameem constitute the majority of the inhabitants of the Najd that is in Saudi Arabia.
    The hadeeth of Saheeh Bukhaaree reported by Abu Hurayra (RA): "I have loved the people of the tribe of Bani Tameem, ever since I heard three things the Messenger of Allaah , sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, said about them. I heard him saying, 'these people (of the tribe of Bani Tameem) would stand firm against the Dajjaal.' When the Saddaqat from that tribe came, the Messenger of Allaah , sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, said, "these are the Saddaqat (charitable gifts) of our folk." Aa'ishah had a slave girl from that tribe, and the Prophet , sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, said to Aa'ishah, 'manumit her as she is a descendant of Ismaa'eel, alayhis salaam.'"

    [Hadeeth no. 2543, 4366 of al-Fath] Ibn Hajr al-Asqalaanee said, "this hadeeth also contains a clear mention of the excellence and superiority of Bani Tameem." [Fath 5/217]

    The hadeeth of Ikrimah from one of the Companions reported in the Musnad of Imaam Ahmad and in it occurs, "do not say of Bani Tameem anything but good, for indeed they are the severest of people in attacking the Dajjaal."

    Al-Haythamee says: "its narrators are those of the Saheeh." [Mujma 10/48 chpt: What is reported concerning Bani Tameem]

    It is not strange that Bani Tameem would be the most severe against the Dajjaal, because the tools required to combat him are none but a correct and firm belief and proper beneficial knowledge. Alhumdolillaah many of the scholars of Saudi are from the most noble and skilled scholars on the face of this earth today, firmly upon the way of our noble Messenger, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam.
    SOME OF THE FITNAHS THAT APPEARED IN IRAAQ:
    1.Martyrdom of third caliph uthman,the people who martyred him came all the way from iraaq and egypt
    2.battle of jammal,fought between the armies of Hazrat aisha and hazrat Ali ,took place near BASRA
    3.battle of sifeen ,between the armies of hazrat Muavia and hazrat Ali was fought in iraaq
    4.appearance of khawarij,it was the first sect to split away from the main body,they martyred hazrat Ali,they revolt against muslim rular, and consider a person ,who does major sins,to be a kafir.they were called, dogs of the hell fire by Prophet(saw) .the still exist in Oman where they comprise 75%and also in Tanzania and some parts of north Africa.they would continue to remain in this ummah until they fight alongside dajjal
    4.battle of naherwan,fought between khawarij and hazrat Ali
    5.martyrdom of hazrat Ali by a kharji AbdurRahman ibn maljam in kufa
    6.Martyrdom of Hazrat hussain bin ali at Karbala.His head was chopped off and presented to Ibn zayyad in the palace of KUFA
    7.Appearance of shias who were the same kufis who wrote letters to hazrat Hussain and called him to kufa
    8.Mukhtar saqfi,he went to kufa to take revenge from ibn zayyad of the martyrdom of Hussain bin Ali.Ibn zayyad was killed and his head chopped off and presented to mukhtar in the same palace of Kufa.mukhtar latter claimed prophethood and misguided many
    Hazrat musab bin zubair was sent by his brother Abdullah bin zubai to kufa to crush fitnah of mukhtar .Mukhtar was killed and his head chopped of and presented before hazrat Musaab bin zubair in the same palace in kufa
    8.meanwhile, abdul malik bin marwaan gained strength in shaam and sent army to fight Musaab bin zubair in kufa.the kufis betrayed hazrat musaab like they betrayed hazrat Hussain and he was left with only few of his faithfuls and killed and his head chopped and presented before abdul malik bin marwaan in the same palace of kufa
    9.Hajjaj bin youaf ,was avery tyrant rular of basra and kufa appointed by abdulMalik bin marwaan,he killed many of the people.Hazrat hassan basri did prostration of thankfullness(sajda shukr)the day he died
    10.Mutazalla, a misguided sect ,that claimed Quran to be a creation of Allah,and denied imanbilqadr.Wasli bin atta(first mutazalli) argued imam hasan basri in about qadr in a mosque in basra.later many of abbasid kings adopted this faith and imam hanbal was tortured by them
    11.jahmiyyah,a group of people of kalam that says Allah is everywhere,denies many of the attributes of Allah,and deny qadr
    12.ashariyah,they affirm only seven of the attributes of Allah and distort and make tahreef of the rest ,its sister sect matureediyah has followers in indopak
    13.people of kalam and philosphers who introduced philosphy in islam
    14.sufism started in iraaq when a group of people wearing wool went in to extremes of islamic practices as a reaction to luxuries of the caliphs in baghdad.husain bin mansur hallaj who was a sufi and said 'annaal haq'and gave the concept of halool(God gets into aperson if he goes to extremes in sufi practices),belonged to iraaq,he was later executed by the king ,many sufis still believe in hallol
    15.jabbariyyah(who say a person has no free will)and may be qaddariyyah(who deny qadr)and murjiah(who say imaan does not increase and decrease by actions)
    16.many of the innovation like eidmilaad (started by a rular of musal)started in iraaq
    17.Iraq and iran are places of frequent earthquakes
    18.saddam hussain a baathi apostate
    19.recently the gulf war
    20.many children have died due to sanctions against iraaq


    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    `Uthman said:
    'Concern for the world is a darkness for the heart and concern for the Hereafter is a light for it.'
















    #2
    Can you tell me why scholars are worried about some hadith about Najd?

    I can show you where Najd was Located 1400 century ago when there was only Yemen, Hejaz and Arabian Dessert what you call today modern day Saudi Arabia.

    Wasn’t aware Najd has shifted in Iraq.

    Comment


      #3
      better yet go to google.com and type "najd".

      And tell me which country is that.

      Comment


        #4
        You didnt read the article carefully.it says there were 13 places called najd at that time and iraq was one of them.and in other hadith in tabraani ,mentioned above, PROPHET has clearly used the word 'IRAAQ'.Now dont challenge ibn hajar asqallani,who wrote commentry to sahih bukhari(fathe albaari)and called this najd ,iraq.dont tell me you'r more knowledgeable of hadith than him.
        present day riyadh and surrounding areas was called YAMAMAH at the time of PROPHET.you go to google.com and type yamamah
        and read the above article carefully.dont make your own interpratations of ahadith and quraan like khawarij.We have to follow islam with the interpratation of salaf(First three generations of islam).self interpratation is a way of khawarij who selfinterpratated an ahya in surah yousaf and declared hazrat ali ,a kakir.Salim bin abdullah ,mentioned above, was son of abdullah bin omar (a sahabi and son of hazrat omar second caliph)he used the word "oh people of iraaq".Dont say you are more knowladgeable of hadith than sahaba themselves.
        and tell me a single fitnah(apart from your thinking of imam muhammad bin abdul wahab movement)or a single earth quake thah happened in riyadh and surrounding areas.besides imam ibn abdul wahab movement was same as that of ibn tammiyah(who was in shaam,that has been praised by prophet)
        in the end i forgot to mention DAJJAL WILL ALSO APPEAR IN IRAQ

        Comment


          #5
          Besides places change their names with time.what is pakistan now was India before,what was a undalus before is now spain.there was a huge roman empire once and now rome is just a city in Italy.If we say rome mentioned in first ayah of SURAH ROME OF QURAN is the rome in italy(or just the romans living in Rome in italy) then we are wrong.because the romans at that time ruled syria,turkey ,egypt,etc.
          even the shaam mentioned in above hadith is now syria,jordon,lebonan,and palestine.Even the syrians dont call what pakistanis call shaam nowadays ,they call it 'sooria'

          Comment


            #6
            besides I did not put this article to defend any sect ,but to show how the pediction made by Prophet(saw)came true.I know that you are all my muslim brothers.

            Comment


              #7
              still if you insist that the najd mentioned in ahadith is the present day najd in Saudi arabia this does not mean that theres no good left in that najd.If i believe that the najd is Iraq I dont say everything starting in iraaq is fitnah because there had been good scholars in Iraaq like Imam Abu haneefah,imaam ahmad bin Hanbal,imaam hasan basri,khateeb albaghdaadietc.
              Instead of prooving me that the present day najd is the one mentioned in the hadith ,you proove me how many fitnahs have come out of the present day najd or how many earthquakes it has witnessed.i had enumarated many of the fitnahs that appeared in iraaq which are the major ones and muslims have to suffer a lot due to these.what could be a bigger fitnah so far than that happened in Karbala which divided muslims in to two groups and it happened in Iraaq.still i can prove you many earthquakes in recent times in iraaq and iran what about the recent one which has killed many in iraaq it was on the border area of iraaq and iran.i had been living in saudia for along time but here had been no earthquake there
              in addition ,to add to the fitnahs from iraq
              i forgot two more
              Iran Iraq war
              fitnah tatar who destroyed baghdad

              Comment

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