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    Jews under Islamic rule

    Fwd'ing

    SALAM, ALL. I found several websites. This is a simple short chart with some
    facts about Jews under Muslim rule, here at:
    http://www.pbs.org/wnet/heritage/pdfs/episode4.pdf

    BUT, here is a better website, which, interestingly, is at an Israeli
    website. It says here that Jews flourished under Islamic rule. (it is at the
    bottom of the email)

    For your information, the website mentions that Jews were treated as
    "DHIMMI," which means that in the Khilafah (Islamic State), non-Muslim
    citizens are called "Dhimmi," meaning that:

    1) they have a right to live in the Khilafah, and are a part of the
    community. they are allowed to practice their religion freely. they are
    allowed to build churches and synagogues and temples.

    2) they must pay the Jizyah tax, whereas Muslims pay Zakat. however, Dhimmi
    WOMEN do not have to pay any taxes.

    3) Dhimmi are to be protected by the Khaleefah. I cannot recall the hadith,
    but the Prophet Muhammad expressed his dislike of anyone who violates his
    Dhimmi's rights, which means that Dhimmi have a right to be protected by the
    Mujahids (Muslim soldiers).

    4) Dhimmi are allowed to partake in Jihad, but I do not know much of this.

    5) Dhimmi are allowed to hold public offices, but CANNOT hold any
    Islamic-religious positions such as in the Majlis ash Shura, or the
    Khalifate.

    and lastly, a group of Jews came to the Prophet Muhammad and asked him of
    what to do with a Jewish girl and a jewish man they caught committing
    adultery (or zina? forgive me i cannot recall). the Prophet told the Jews to
    refer to their religious texts (read: TORAH) of how to punish the Jewish
    wrong-doers. Hence in the Khilafah, Dhimmi are allowed to conduct their
    religious courts against wrong-doers.

    here is the URL:
    http://www.us-israel.org/jsource/Judaism/Sephardim.html



    ------------------
    "I put my trust in Allah, my Lord and your Lord! There is not a moving creature, but He has a grasp of its forelock. Verily, my Lord is on the straight path. (The truth)"
    (11:55-56)

    "...Indeed my prayer, my sacrifice, my living and my dying are for Allaah, the Lord of the worlds" (6:162)
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