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deobandis are different in india

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    deobandis are different in india

    this article explains how islam is practised
    in india and pakistan

    Indian Town's Seed Grew Into the Taliban's Code
    > By CELIA W. DUGGER
    >
    > DEOBAND, India The orthodox Islamic school of thought
    > that came to find its most virulent expression in the
    > Taliban originated in this placid north Indian town where
    > Hindus and Muslims peaceably coexist to the eternal rhythms
    > of sowing and harvesting.
    >
    > Along streets ornamented with shrines to blue-skinned Hindu
    > gods, cows, sacred in Hinduism, forage unfettered. Five
    > times a day, the muezzins' calls to prayer sound from the
    > minarets of the 135-year-old Darul Uloom seminary that is
    > famed throughout the Islamic world and teaches the form of
    > Islam known as Deobandism.
    >
    > But while the Deobandis of India, and India's 130 million
    > Muslims in general, have embraced India's secular
    > Constitution and religious diversity, the Deobandis of
    > Afghanistan and Pakistan sought to impose their
    > fundamentalist brand of Islam by force.
    >
    > Pakistan, India and Bangladesh, the nations that were once
    > Britain's Indian empire, have the world's second-, third-
    > and fourth-largest Muslim populations. Almost one out of
    > every three of the world's 1.2 billion Muslims lives in the
    > subcontinent.
    >
    > So, to American policy makers newly interested in South
    > Asia, it is important to ask why South Asia's Deobandis
    > have taken such sharply divergent paths.
    >
    > "Everybody thinks of Islam as Arab, but you have to pay
    > attention to Islam in South Asia," said Vali Nasr, a
    > political scientist at the University of San Diego. "If you
    > don't, you confront something like the Taliban and everyone
    > says, `Where did these guys come from?' To understand that,
    > you have to understand Deoband."
    >
    > Here in Deoband, the concept of jihad as a holy war is
    > simply not taught. "In our madrassas you will not find even
    > a stick to beat anyone," said Marghboor Rahman, the
    > seminary's elderly vice chancellor.
    >
    > By contrast, the Deobandi madrassas of Pakistan became
    > training grounds for holy war and many of the Taliban
    > leaders. Masood Azhar, Deobandi leader of the Pakistan-
    > based Army of Muhammad, is believed to have been behind
    > terrorist attacks on India, and the Taliban, as the
    > Deobandi harborers of Osama bin Laden, posed a mortal
    > threat to the United States.
    >
    > The answers about the different brands of Deobandism on the
    > subcontinent appear rooted in India's secular, democratic
    > tradition and in the region's complex interplay of history,
    > politics and demography.
    >
    > To step onto the campus of Darul Uloom in Deoband is to
    > step back in time. The 3,500 boys and young men, mostly
    > from peasant backgrounds, attend free of charge. They leave
    > their sandals outside the scalloped doorways of classrooms
    > that are more than 100 years old.
    >
    > In one, a teacher read by the hour from the Hadith, a
    > collection of the sayings of the Prophet Muhammad, while
    > hundreds of students wrapped in shawls against the winter
    > chill and wearing white caps sat on the floor, listening
    > respectfully.
    >
    > Mr. Rahman, 86, the school's leader, turns to history when
    > he talks about why India's Deobandis are different from
    > their cousins across the border. He explains that the
    > seminary opposed the creation of Pakistan, a Muslim
    > homeland. "We are Indians first, then Muslims," he said,
    > speaking in Urdu.
    >
    > The divide between Deobandis had its origins in the 1947
    > partition of the British Indian empire into India and
    > Pakistan, an event that set off cataclysmic violence
    > between Hindus and Muslims and sundered the Muslims of the
    > subcontinent, too.
    >
    > No longer were devout young Muslims from all over the
    > former empire free to attend the seminary at Deoband, and
    > today, the Deobandis of Pakistan who were educated in
    > Deoband itself have largely died out.
    >
    > "They have adopted the same educational syllabus, but
    > beyond that, they developed in a different manner," Mr.
    > Rahman said. "We do not have any relationship with them."
    >
    > The seminary in Deoband was founded in 1866 to preserve
    > Muslim identity and heritage in the face of British
    > imperialism, which had replaced the rule of the Mughals,
    > India's Muslim conquerors.
    >
    > The seminary's teachers imparted to their students a
    > socially conservative vision of Islam purified of folk and
    > Hindu customs and concerned with teaching individuals how
    > to practice their faith properly.
    >
    > In politics, the Deobandis joined the independence movement
    > led by Mohandas K. Gandhi, a Hindu, and opposed the
    > separate Muslim homeland of Pakistan that was ultimately
    > founded by Mohammed Ali Jinnah, a secular-leaning barrister
    > who smoked cigarettes, wore hand-tailored suits and spats
    > and married a Parsi, a non-Muslim.
    >
    > "Jinnah never used to offer prayers, so how could he have
    > created an Islamic state?" Mr. Rahman asked.
    >
    > Secular democracy has proved to be a bulwark against
    > fundamentalism in India, and it was built on a demographic
    > foundation that made Islamic nationalism impractical here.

    Secular democracy is only part of the answer why deobandis
    are different in India compared to Pak. Another reason is
    that as you go east from India, Muslims are not as fanatic
    (ex. Bangladesh, Malaysia). The fundamentalism line stops
    at the India-Pak border.




    [This message has been edited by rvikz (edited March 30, 2002).]

    #2

    What the heck is a DEOBAND!!!

    Please explain this sect.

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