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Bid’ahs common on ‘Aashooraa’

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    Bid’ahs common on ‘Aashooraa’

    Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked about the things that people do on Aashooraa, such as wearing kohl, taking a bath (ghusl), wearing henna, shaking hands with one another, cooking grains (huboob), showing happiness and so on. Was any of this reported from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in a saheeh hadeeth, or not? If nothing to that effect was reported in a saheeh hadeeth, is doing these things bidah, or not? Is there any basis for what the other group do, such as grieving and mourning, going without anything to drink, eulogizing and wailing, reciting in a crazy manner, and rending their garments?

    His reply was:
    Praise be to Allaah, the Lord of the Worlds. Nothing to that effect has been reported in any saheeh hadeeth from the Prophet(saws) or from his Companions. None of the imaams of the Muslims encouraged or recommended such things, neither the four imaams, nor any others. No reliable scholars have narrated anything like this, neither from the Prophet(saws), nor from the Sahaabah, nor from the Taabieen; neither in any saheeh report or in a daeef (weak) report; neither in the books of Saheeh, nor in al-Sunan, nor in the Musnads. No hadeeth of this nature was known during the best centuries, but some of the later narrators reported ahaadeeth like the one which says, Whoever puts kohl in his eyes on the day of Aashooraa will not suffer from eye disease in that year, and whoever takes a bath (does ghusl) on the day of Aashooraa will not get sick in that year, and so on. They also reported a fabricated hadeeth that is falsely attributed to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), which says, Whoever is generous to his family on the day of Aashooraa, Allaah will be generous to him for the rest of the year. Reporting all of this from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is tantamount to lying.
    Then he [Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him)] discussed in brief the tribulations that had occurred in the early days of this ummah and the killing of al-Husayn (may Allaah be pleased with him), and what the various sects had done because of this. Then he said:
    An ignorant, wrongful group who were either heretics and hypocrites, or misguided and misled made a show of allegiance to him and the members of his household, so they took the day of Aashooraa as a day of mourning and wailing, in which they openly displayed the rituals of jaahiliyyah such as slapping their cheeks and rending their garments, grieving in the manner of the jaahiliyyah The Shaytaan made this attractive to those who are misled, so they took the day of Aashooraa as an occasion of mourning, when they grieve and wail, recite poems of grief and tell stories filled with lies. Whatever truth there may be in these stories serves no purpose other than the renewal of their grief and sectarian feeling, and the stirring up of hatred and hostility among the Muslims, which they do by cursing those who came before them The evil and harm that they do to the Muslims cannot be enumerated by any man, no matter how eloquent he is. Some others either Naasibis who oppose and have enmity towards al-Husayn and his family or ignorant people who try to fight evil with evil, corruption with corruption, lies with lies and bidah with bidah opposed them by fabricating reports in favour of making the day of Aashooraa a day of celebration, by wearing kohl and henna, spending money on one's children, cooking special dishes and other things that are done on Eids and special occasions. These people took the day of Aashooraa as a festival like Eid, whereas the others took it as a day of mourning. Both are wrong, and both go against the Sunnah, even though the other group (those who take it as a day of mourning) are worse in intention and more ignorant and more plainly wrong Neither the Prophet(saws) nor his successors (the khulafa al-raashidoon) did any of these things on the day of Aashooraa, they neither made it a day of mourning nor a day of celebration
    As for the other things, such as cooking special dishes with or without grains, or wearing new clothes, or spending money on ones family, or buying the years supplies on that day, or doing special acts of worship such as special prayers or deliberately slaughtering an animal on that day, or saving some of the meat of the sacrifice to cook with grains, or wearing kohl and henna, or taking a bath (ghusl), or shaking hands with one another, or visiting one another, or visiting the mosques and mashhads (shrines) and so on all of this is reprehensible bidah and is wrong. None of it has anything to do with the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah(saws)or the way of the Khulafa al-Raashidoon. It was not approved of by any of the imaams of the Muslims, not Maalik, not al-Thawri, not al-Layth ibn Sad, not Abu Haneefah, not al-Oozaai, not al-Shaafa'i, not Ahmad ibn Hanbal, not Ishaaq ibn Raahwayh, not any of the imaams and scholars of the Muslims.(al-Fataawa al-Kubra by Ibn Taymiyah)
    Ibn al-Haaj (may Allaah have mercy on him) mentioned that one of the bidahs on Aashooraa was deliberately paying zakaat on this day, late or early, or slaughtering a chicken just for this occasion, or in the case of women using henna. (al-Madkhal, part 1, Yawm Aashooraa)

    We ask Allaah to make us followers of the Sunnah of His Noble Prophet, to make us live in Islam and die in a state of faith. May He help us to do that which He loves and which pleases Him. We ask Him to help us to remember Him and be thankful to Him, to worship Him properly and to accept our good deeds. May He make us of those who are pious and fear Him. May Allaah bless our Prophet Muhammad and all his family and companions.

    AsSalaamu 'alaykum,

    Masha'Allaah, that was an excellent piece. It goes very well with the thread Aazib posted: The Month of Muharram.

    Jazaakillaah khair for bringing to us the Shaikh's beneficial advice.


    "No leaf falls except that He knows of it, and no rain drop forms except that He has willed it."


      I just want to know that if some one being a muslim doing bidth then what will be the punishment for that person in Islam.


        Originally posted by dillu:
        I just want to know that if some one being a muslim doing bidth then what will be the punishment for that person in Islam.
        There are some ahadith stating that 'every innovation is a misguidance and every misguidance/innovation leads to hellfire'

        sorry for not quoting any hadith properly, but every single hadith that i've read on bi'dah says that it leads one to hell fire...