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Discussion: Al -Fajr

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    Discussion: Al -Fajr

    Assalaamu Aliekum,

    I though it might be a good idea to start discussions some Suras from the Quran to further our knowledge.

    Al -Fajr

    wa al fajr
    By the break of Day

    wa layaal(in) ashr
    By the Nights twice five;

    wa ash shaf wa al watr
    By the even and odd (contrasted);

    wa al layl 'izaa yasri
    And by the Night when it passeth away;-

    Hal fe zaalika qasam li ze h.ijr
    Is there (not) in these an adjuration (or evidence) for those who understand?

    'A lam tara kayfa fa ala rabbka bi aad
    Seest thou not how thy Lord dealt with the 'Ad (people),-

    'Iram zaat al imaad
    Of the (city of) Iram, with lofty pillars,

    'Allate lam yukhlaq mithlhaa fe al bilaad
    The like of which were not produced in (all) the land?

    wa thamud 'allaziina jaabu as. S.akhr bi al waadi
    And with the Thamud (people), who cut out (huge) rocks in the valley?-

    wa fir awn ze al awtaad
    And with Pharaoh, lord of stakes?

    'Allaziina t.aghaw fe al bilaad
    (All) these transgressed beyond bounds in the lands,

    Fa aktharu fehaa al fasaad
    And heaped therein mischief (on mischief).

    Fa s.abba alayhim rabbka sawt. Azaab
    Therefore did thy Lord pour on them a scourge of diverse chastisements:

    'Inna rabbka la bi al mirs.aad
    For thy Lord is (as a Guardian) on a watch-tower.

    Fa 'ammaa al 'insaan 'izaa maa ibtalaahu rabbhi fa akramahu wa na amahu fa yaqul rabbe akramani
    Now, as for man, when his Lord trieth him, giving him honour and gifts, then saith he, (puffed up), "My Lord hath honoured me."

    wa 'ammaa 'izaa maa ibtalaahu fa qadara alayhi rizqhu fa yaqul rabbe ahaanani
    But when He trieth him, restricting his subsistence for him, then saith he (in despair), "My Lord hath humiliated me!"

    Kallaa bal laa tukrimuun al yatiim
    Nay, nay! but ye honour not the orphans!

    wa laa tah.aad.d.uun alaa t.a aam al miskiin
    Nor do ye encourage one another to feed the poor!-

    wa ta'kuluun at turaath 'akl(an) lamm(an)
    And ye devour inheritance - all with greed,

    wa tuh.ibbuun al maal h.ubb(an) jamm(an)
    And ye love wealth with inordinate love!

    Kallaa 'izaa dukkat al 'ard. Dakk(an) dakk(an)
    Nay! When the earth is pounded to powder,

    wa jaa'a rabbka wa al malak s.aff(an) s.aff(an)
    And thy Lord cometh, and His angels, rank upon rank,

    wa je'a yawma'izin bi jahannam yawma'izin yatazakkar al 'insaan wa 'annaa lahu az zikraa
    And Hell, that Day, is brought (face to face),- on that Day will man remember, but how will that remembrance profit him?

    Yaqul yaa laytane qaddamat li h.ayaahe
    He will say: "Ah! Would that I had sent forth (good deeds) for (this) my (Future) Life!"

    Fa yawma'izin laa yu azzib azaabhu '
    For, that Day, His Chastisement will be such as none (else) can inflict,

    wa laa yuthiq wathaaqhu '
    And His bonds will be such as none (other) can bind.

    Yaa 'ayyatuhaa an nafs al'innah
    (To the righteous soul will be said: ) "O (thou) soul, in (complete) rest and satisfaction!

    Irji e 'ilaa rabbki raad.iyah mard.eyah
    "Come back thou to thy Lord,- well pleased (thyself), and well-pleasing unto Him!

    Fa udkhule fe ibaade
    "Enter thou, then, among My devotees!

    wa udkhule jannahe
    "Yea, enter thou My Heaven!

    [This message has been edited by aishaA (edited March 20, 2002).]
    "A woman has got to be able to say, and not feel guilty, 'Who am I, and what do I want out of life?' She mustn't feel selfish and neurotic if she wants goals of her own, outside of husband and children"

    What is the significance of "By the Nights twice five;"?

    and of "By the even and odd (contrasted); "

    The reference here (I think) is to the evidence of the existence of God.

    Any ideas?
    "A woman has got to be able to say, and not feel guilty, 'Who am I, and what do I want out of life?' She mustn't feel selfish and neurotic if she wants goals of her own, outside of husband and children"


      Anyone else willing to contribute an explanation to this thread? Maybe one of our members who are fluent in Arabic?


        AsSalaamu 'alaikum warahmatullaah,

        Jazaakillaah khair sister for posting this beautiful chapter.

        What is the significance of "By the Nights twice five;"?
        A more accurate translation for this verse is: "And by ten nights", as 'ashr' means 'ten'.

        These 10 nights refer to the first ten days of the month of Dhul-Hijjah.

        Ibn 'Abbaas - radhiAllaahu anhu - related: The Prophet - salallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam - said: "No good deeds done on other days are superior to those done on these (first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah)." Then some companions of the Prophet - salallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam - said, "not even Jihad?" He replied, "Not even Jihad, except that of a man who does it by putting himself and his property in danger (for Allaah's sake) and does not return with any of those things." [Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree, vol 2 no. 86].

        and of "By the even and odd (contrasted); "
        "And by the even and the odd (of all the creations of Allaah)."

        There is a difference of opinion amongst the scholars here as to how "Even" and "Odd" is interpreted. Some say: Even is the Day of Slaughtering of the Sacrifices i.e. the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah, and Odd is the Day of 'Arafat (Hajj), i.e. the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah. Others say: Even is all the creatures and Odd is Allaah. Some say it is the compulsory congregationsl prayer, i.e. Maghrib and Witr, and the other four prayers are Shaf'a i.e. even.

        ... and Allaah knows best.


        "No leaf falls except that He knows of it, and no rain drop forms except that He has willed it."