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THE TWO ‘EIDS AND THEIR SIGNIFICANCE

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    THE TWO ‘EIDS AND THEIR SIGNIFICANCE

    Praise be to Allh, Lord of the Worlds, and peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his family and companions.

    DEFINITION OF EID:

    The Arabic word "Eid" refers to something habitual, that returns and is repeated, thus stands literally for a recurrent event. It also implies a place often visited by people, and the period of time in which a particular act is regularly performed. Likewise, each gathering that assembles regularly comes under the category, Eid. Eids or festivals are symbols to be found in every nation, including those that are based on revealed scriptures and those that are idolatrous, as well as others, because celebrating festivals is something that is an instinctive part of human nature. All people like to have special occasions to celebrate, where they can come together and express their joy and happiness.

    THE UNBELIEVERS RELIGIOUS FESTIVALS

    There are numerous religious festivals and fairs of the unbelievers. Islam prohibits the Muslims to celebrate their festivals and fairs. The Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam had prohibited his companions from sports and enjoyment on two particular days on which the pre-Islamic Arabs used to hold sports. Likewise, he forbade them to sacrifice their animals at the places where the polytheists used to celebrate their festivals.

    The festivals of the kaafir nations may be connected to worldly matters, such as the beginning of the year, the start of an agricultural season, the changing of the weather, the establishment of a state, the accession of a ruler, and so on. They may also be connected to religious occasions, like many of the festivals belonging exclusively to the Jews and Christians, such as the Thursday on which they claim the table was sent down to Jesus, Christmas, New Years, Thanksgiving, and holidays on which gifts are exchanged. These are celebrated in all European and North American countries nowadays. And in other countries where Christian influence is prevalent, even if the country is not originally Christian, some so-called Muslims join in these holidays, out of ignorance or hypocrisy. The Magians (Zoroastrians) also have their own festivals, such as Mahrajaan, Nowruz and so on.

    Muslims are strictly prohibited from joining these religious festivals of the People of the Book and other unbelievers on two grounds; (1): it represents a resemblance to the unbelievers and (2): these are acts of innovations. All such festivals and fairs which have come into vogue as a result of innovation are to be treated in the same way, whether these resemble the practice of the unbelievers or not.

    MUSLIMS INNOVATED RELIGIOUS FESTIVALS:

    1. Al-Raghaib: it is the first Thursday and the following Friday night of the month of Rajab celebrated by ignorant Muslims. There is no evidence of this ceremony from the Glorious Quraan and Sunnah of the Prophet (!). According to Shaikh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah, it was first introduced after the 4 th century A.H A fabricated hadeeth is presented in support of this practice. See Al-Fawaaid-ul-Majmooah fil Ahaadeeth-il-Muwdooah: pp. 67-8, no. 106.

    2. Salaat Umm Daadoo: A prayer which is offered in the middle of the month of Rajab. A particular day is set apart and a specific prayer is offered on this day. See Al-Fawaaid-ul-Majmoo ah fil Ahaadeeth-il-Muwdooah: p. 69, no. 107.

    3. Eid Khum Ghadeer: The Baatinis have their own festivals too, such as "Eid al-Ghadeer", when they claim that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam gave the khilaafah to Alee (may Allh be pleased with him) and to the twelve imams after him. It is the name of place where the Prophet had delivered a sermon on 18 th Thul-Hijjah. This report is based on Hadeeth narrated by Zayd ibn Arqam which is collected by Imaam Muslim in Sahih Muslim: vol. 4, p. 1286, no.5920. Shaykh Imaam ibn Taymeeyah said in regards to this hadeeth in his book Iqtidaa as Siratil Mustaqeem: "the misguided people have, however, effected certain interpolations into this report. They even claim that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam had clearly commanded that Alee be appointed the Caliph and had seated him at an elevated place. ". He further said: " We are not concerned here with the issue of Imaamah. Our objection lies in declaring that it is an innovation to regard this particular day as a special day." See for further details, Mukhtasar Iqtidaa As-Siraatil Mustaqeem: English Translation: the right way: pp.45-58.

    These festivals and fairs of the people of the book or unbelievers or similar festivals introduced by Muslims are all innovations and every Muslim should avoid them to protect his faith. All kaafir or innovated festivals are haraam, such as Independence Day celebrations, anniversaries of revolutions, holidays celebrating trees or accessions to the throne, birthdays, Labour Day, the Nile festival, Shimm al-Naseem (Egyptian spring holiday), teachers day, and al-Mawlood al-Nabawi (Prophets Birthday).

    Every Muslim must consider the following saying of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam very seriously, Jaabir reported that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam used to deliver his sermon with this opening:

    "The best word is the Book of Allh and the best way is that of Muhammad ( !). The worst deed is innovation and each innovation is a deviation from Islaam." [Sahih Muslim: (vol. 2, p. 410, no. 1885).]

    There is an additional remark in Sunan An-Nasaaee:

    "Every deviation from Islaam leads to Hell-fire". [Sunan Nasai: English Translation: (vol. 2, pp. 343-4, no. 1581.)]

    Aayshah reported that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam said: "Whoever does an act which is not in agreement with our faith, such an act is rejected." [Sahih Al-Bukhari: (vol. 3, no. 861.).]

    There is another report by her with different wordings:

    "Whoever invents something in our faith which does not originally exist, has nothing to do with us." [ Sahih Muslim: (vol. 3, p. 931, nos. 4266-7).]

    Irbaad ibn Saariyah reported that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam said: "Whoever survives me would observe many differences. However, you should follow my sunnah and that of my rightly guided caliphs. Adhere to it firmly. Beware! Avoid innovation, for each innovation is a deviation from Islaam." [Sunan Abu Dawud: (vol. 3, p. 1294, no. 4590).]

    ISLAMIC EIDS

    Muslims must celebrate only three Eids:

    (1): Eid-ul-Fitr,

    (2): Eid-ul-Adh-haa,

    (3): Friday is the day of Eid for Muslims

    These three Eids are exclusively for the Muslims, and that it is not permissible for Muslims to imitate the kuffaar and mushrikeen in anything that is a distinctive part of their celebrations, whether it be food, dress, bonfires or acts of worship.

    THE DECREES OF AL-EID:

    There are three opinions among the scholars:

    (1): Some say it is waajib (obligatory);
    (2): Some say it is Fardul Kifaayah (if some offered the prayer then it is enough and it is not obligatory upon all); and
    (3): Some say it is Sunnatul Muakkadah (recommended)

    The evidence of those who say it is waajib:

    Some of the scholars say that Eid prayers are waajib (obligatory) this is the view of the Hanafee scholars and of Shaykh al-Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah (may Allh have mercy on him). They say that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam always prayed the Eid prayer and never omitted to do it, not even once. They take as evidence the aayah (interpretation of the meaning), "Therefore turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice (to Him only)" [al-Kawthar 108:2], i.e., the Eid prayer and the sacrifice after it, which is an instruction, and the fact that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam ordered that the women should be brought out to attend the Eid prayers, and that a woman who did not have a jilbaab should borrow one from her sister. [See Tamaamul Minnah: by Al-Albaanee: p.344. Refer to Al-Mughnaee by Imaam ibn Qudaamah: vol. 2, p. 223.]

    The evidence of those who say it is Fardul Kifaayah: Some scholars say that Eid prayer is Fardul Kifaayah. This is the view of the Hanbalees. Refer to Al-Mughnaee by Imaam ibn Qudaamah: vol. 2, p. 223.

    The evidence of these who it is sunnatul Muakkadah: A third group say that Eid prayer is sunnah muakkadah. This is the view of the Maalikis and Shaafais. They take as evidence the hadeeth of the Bedouin which says that Allh has not imposed any prayers on His slaves other than the five daily prayers. Refer to Al-Mughnaee by Imaam ibn Qudaamah: vol. 2, p. 223.

    SIGNIFICANCE OF MUSLIMS EIDS:

    So the Muslim should be keen to attend Eid prayers, especially since the opinion that it is waajib is based on strong evidence. The goodness, blessings and great reward one gets from attending Eid prayers, and the fact that one is following the example of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam by doing so, should be sufficient motivation.

    Aayshah reported that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam said:

    "For every people there is a feast and this is our feast." [Sahih Al-Bukhari: (vol. 5, no. 268).]

    "Our feast" has a great meaning to Muslims because it tells us that our feasts are our own and derived from our Shareeah alone. Holidays are usually based on religious traditions. It is very important that we demonstrate our celebrations with great joy and gathering, and observe them in such a way that distinguishes us from the Mushrikeen. The Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam has ordered us in numerous speeches to defy the Mushrikeen, and these Eids are among what the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam wanted us to take special care of. That is why he has said, after seeing that the people of Madeenah had two holidays which they celebrated from before Islaam, which is reported by Anas ibn Maalik that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam said,

    "Allh has given you better than those feasts: the Eid-ul-Adh-haa (Feast of Sacrificing), and Eid-ul-Fitr (feast of Breaking the fast)." [Sunan An-Nasaaee: English translation: (vol. 2, p.333, no. 1559), Sunan Abu Dauwud: English translation: (vol. 1, p.293, no. 1130). It is authenticated by Shaykh Al-Albaanee in Saheeh Sunan Aboo Daawood: vol. 1, p. 210, no.1004.]

    Due to these clear facts, Muslim scholars put great emphasis on the concept of being different from the Mushrikeen in our ceremonies. This is because ceremonies have great effects over the human mind and behavior. Being different in our ceremonies means too that we must not participate in the Mushrikeens ceremonies on their holidays. It is mentioned in Sunan Al-Bayhaqee the statement of Umar that, he said, "Do not learn the language of the Mushrikeen without a necessity nor enter the churches of Mushrikeen on their festivals because the anger of Allh dissends on them then". Muslims should not celebrate their festivals instead they should oppose them. Muslims can fast on the Mushrikeens holidays.

    Umm Salamah said the Prophet used to fast on Saturdays and Sundays, and when asked he said: "They are two days of Mushrikeens holidays so I like to oppose them in their ceremonies." [Musnad Imaam Ahmad.]

    The above hadeeth is inauthentic in the view of some scholars of hadeeth like Al-Albaanee in Irwaaul Ghaleel: vol. 4, p. 125 and authentic in the view of Imaam Al-Haakim and Imaam Ath-Thahabee. Fasting on Friday or Saturday is haraam (prohibited) in Islaam when a man chooses these days as particular days for fasting and does not fast the day before or after because it is in the hadeeth narrated by Imaam At-Tirmithee which is authenticated by Al-Albaanee in Irwaaul-Ghaleel: vol. 4, p.118, no. 960. by prohibition of fasting on Saturday it is meant to oppose the Jews who keep fast on Saturday. But if someone wants to fast Saturday then he must fast Friday and Saturday or Saturday and Sunday, two days together. Only that person is allowed to fast who has missed his fast of Ramadaan so that he can fast that day. Also the one who has vowed to fast then he can fast or fast as an atonement, and for expiation on Saturday.

    THE PURPOSE BEHIND THE EID PRAYER:

    Islaam exhorts its followers to make social life a visible expression of God-consciousness. Prayer is the most effective means of fostering this virtue in man. This is the reason why it has been made essential for Muslims to observe obligatory prayers in congregation. It starts with five daily prayers then Jumuah is a step forward in this respect, then comes Eids prayers and then once a year the Hajj. The purpose behind it is to provide opportunities to a greater number of Muslims to attend larger congregations in an atmosphere of religious piety. Apart from prayer, the sermon has also been made an integral part of this gathering and the prayer.

    FOR WHOM THE PERFORMANCE OF SALAATUL EID IS VALID:

    The Eid prayer is valid for men, women, children, travellers, residents, people in congregation, and people praying individually. It is also valid if performed in a house, mosque, or a distant place designated for the salah, and so on.

    ETIQUETTE OF A MUSLIM ON THE DAY OF EID-UL-ADH-HAA:

    To assess the concept of being different from the Mushrikeen, it is very important to say that: in order to be different in our ceremonies in the way the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam wanted us to be, we must follow the Sunnah literally. That would give us the deeds of being true followers of the Prophet (saas). So if we want to be his sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam followers we must be aware of Bidah. Bidah comes at the expense of Sunnah which is replaced by it. Ibn Taymiyah said in his book Al-Iqtidaa: "There is no place in the heart for both Sunnah and Bidah".

    Allh says: "Say-O Muhammad-if you love Allh follow me, Allh will love you." [Aali Emraan: 31.]

    A Muslim is required to follow the teachings of the Messenger of Allh sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam before going to the Eid prayer. It is of great important to follow the Sunnah of Eid so we can truly say that our feasts are different from the Mushrikeens feasts.
    http://www.sunnahonline.com/ilm/sunnah/0029.htm

    ------------------
    "I put my trust in Allah, my Lord and your Lord! There is not a moving creature, but He has a grasp of its forelock. Verily, my Lord is on the straight path. (The truth)"
    (11:55-56)

    #2
    Jazakallah khair for posting.

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      #3
      Originally posted by Dil he Pakistani:
      Jazakallah khair for posting.
      Wa Iyyakum

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        #4

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