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    Fatawa

    Question:


    What is the definition of eemaan (faith) according to Ahl al-Sunnah wa’l-Jamaa’ah? Does it increase and decrease?


    Answer:

    Praise be to Allaah.

    According to Ahl al-Sunnah wa’l-Jamaa’ah, eemaan (faith) is “belief in the heart, words on the tongue and actions of the body.” This includes three things:

    1. Belief in the heart

    2. Words on the tongue

    3. Actions of the body

    As this is the case, then it will increase and decrease. That is because the degree of belief in the heart differs from one person to another. Believing in what someone tells you is not the same as believing something that you see with your own eyes. Believing in what one person tells you is not the same as believing what two people tell you, and so on. Hence Ibraaheem (peace be upon him) said:

    “ ‘My Lord! Show me how You give life to the dead.’ He (Allaah) said: ‘Do you not believe?’ He [Ibraaheem (Abraham)] said: ‘Yes (I believe), but to be stronger in Faith’” [al-Baqarah 2:260]

    Eemaan may increase with regard to belief, contentment and tranquillity in the heart. A person may experience that in himself when he attends gatherings of dhikr where he hears a lesson. Remembering Paradise and Hell increases eemaan to the point where it as if you can see them with your own eyes. But when a person is negligent and leaves those gatherings, this certain faith is reduced in his heart.

    Eemaan in the sense of words may increase similarly. Whoever remembers Allaah a few times is not like one who remembers Him one hundred times. The latter is far better in eemaan.

    And the one who does an act of worship in a perfect manner will have more faith than one who does it in an imperfect manner.

    The same applies to righteous deeds. If a person does good deeds physically more than another, the one who does more will have more eemaan than the one who does less. This is stated in the Qur’aan and Sunnah – I mean the fact that eemaan may increase and decrease. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

    “And We have fixed their number (19) only as a trial for the disbelievers, in order that the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) may arrive at a certainty [that this Qur’aan is the truth as it agrees with their Books regarding the number (19) which is written in the Tawraat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] and that the believers may increase in Faith [al-Muddaththir 74:31]

    “And whenever there comes down a Soorah, some of them (hypocrites) say: “Which of you has had his Faith increased by it?” As for those who believe, it has increased their Faith, and they rejoice.

    But as for those in whose hearts is a disease (of doubt, disbelief and hypocrisy), it will add suspicion and doubt to their suspicion, disbelief and doubt; and they die while they are disbelievers [al-Tawbah 9:124-125]

    According to a saheeh hadeeth, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “I have never seen any women lacking in reason and faith who have a more negative impact on the mind of a serious man than you.”

    Thus eemaan increases and decreases.

    Majmoo’ Fataawa wa Rasaa’il Fadeelat al-Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him), vol. 1, p. 49)



    ------------------
    "I put my trust in Allah, my Lord and your Lord! There is not a moving creature, but He has a grasp of its forelock. Verily, my Lord is on the straight path. (The truth)"
    (11:55-56)

    #2
    Question:


    What is the ruling on making du'aa' after an obligatory prayer? Is there any
    evidence to show that one should not do this?


    Answer:

    Praise be to Allaah.


    It was not narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon
    him) or from any of his companions, as far as we know, that they used to
    raise their hands and say du'aa' after praying an obligatory prayer. Hence
    we know that this is a bid'ah (innovation), because the Prophet (peace and
    blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: "Whoever does anything that is not in
    accordance with this matter of ours (Islam) will have it rejected."
    (narrated by Muslim in his Saheeh, 3243). And he said: "Whoever innovates
    anything in this matter of ours (Islam) that is not part of it will have it
    rejected." (Saheeh - agreed upon).

    However, reciting du'aa' without raising one's hands and without reciting it
    in unison is fine, because evidence to that effect was reported from the
    Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), indicating that he made
    du'aa' both before and after prayer. The same applies to making du'aa' after
    praying naafil prayers, because there is no evidence to indicate that this
    should not be done, even if one raises one's hands, because raising the
    hands is one of the means of having one's du'aa' answered. But that should
    not be done all the time, rather only sometimes, because it was not reported
    that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to make
    du'aa' raising his hands after every naafil prayer. All goodness rests in
    following the example of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon
    him) because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

    "Indeed in the Messenger of Allaah (Muhammad) you have a good example to
    follow"[al-Ahzaab 33:21]

    From Majmoo' Fataawa wa Maqaalaat Mutanawwi'ah li Samaahat al-Shaykh Ibn
    Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him), 11/168.

    ------------------
    "I put my trust in Allah, my Lord and your Lord! There is not a moving creature, but He has a grasp of its forelock. Verily, my Lord is on the straight path. (The truth)"
    (11:55-56)

    Comment


      #3
      WOMEN'S ISSUES \ Hijaab and Adornment
      Published on Sunday 6 February 2000



      The Muslim women of that land must not obey its rulers

      Question: A law was passed by the rulers of a Muslim land forcing the young women and all women to remove their hijaabs, in particular their face coverings. Is it permissible for me to execute that order? You should also realize that the one who refuses to obey that command will be punished by, for example, removal from work or school or imprisonment.

      Response: This trial that has be fallen your land is from those events by which the servants are tested and tried. Allaah has said in the Qur.aan, {Do people think that they will be left alone because they say, 'We believe,' and will not be tested. And We indeed tested those who were before them. And Allaah will certainly make [it] known [the truth of] those who are true, and will certainly make [it] known [the falsehood of] those who are liars}, [al-Ankabut 2-3]. In my opinion, it is obligatory upon the Muslim sisters of that land to refuse to obey the rulers in that evil order. This is because there is no obedience to evil, rejected orders. Allaah says, {O you who believe! Obey Allaah and obey the Messenger and those of you who are in authority}, [an-Nisaa. 59]. If one ponders over this verse, one notes that Allaah has stated, {Obey Allaah and obey the Messenger and those of you who are in authority}, [an-Nisaa. 59]. That is, the word "obey" is not repeated directly before "those of ,you who are in authority". This indicates that obedience to those in authority is conditional upon obedience to Allaah and obedience His Messenger. If their orders are in contradiction to obedience to Allaah and His Messenger, then they are not listened to or obeyed in that matter that they have ordered. ((There is no obedience to the created if it involves disobedience to the Creator.))1 The hurt that these women face in this matter is part of what one must be patient with. They must seek Allaah's help in being patient. We ask Allaah to guide their leaders to the truth. I do not think that such a compulsion can exist unless the woman leaves her house. In her house, it is not possible that they could force such a thing upon her. Hence, the sisters should try to stay in their houses until the matter is rectified. If her studies involve a disobedience to Allaah, then her studies are not permissible. Instead, she should study what she needs for her religion and worldly needs and, usually, this can be done in her household. In sum, it is never allowed to obey the rulers in a command that is an evil and wrong in itself.

      Shaykh Ibn Uthaimeen

      ------------------
      "I put my trust in Allah, my Lord and your Lord! There is not a moving creature, but He has a grasp of its forelock. Verily, my Lord is on the straight path. (The truth)"
      (11:55-56)

      Comment

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