No announcement yet.

Al-Jahl - Ignorance

  • Filter
  • Time
  • Show
Clear All
new posts

    Al-Jahl - Ignorance

    The Muslim Creed - Vol. 9 No. 9


    Allah has said in the Noble Quran, what translated means,

    Say, “Are those who know equal to those who do not know?” [39:9].

    When we read through the Quran, we will find that ignorance is one of the reasons why the previous nations before the Muslim Ummah defied their Messengers and rejected their Messages. Allah said, what translated means,

    They said, “O Moses! Make for us a god as they have gods.” He said, “Verily, you are a people who know not.” [7:138].

    Also, Allah said that Prophet Salih said to his people,

    “And I convey to you that wherewith I have been sent, but I see that you are a people given to ignorance!” [46:23],

    and that Prophet Ibrahim said to his people,

    “Do you order me to worship other than Allah, O you ignorant people?” [39:64].

    Allah Almighty has warned the Muslims against following the ways of the Jews, whom He is angry with, because they chose to disobey Him after He has sent down to them the knowledge and the true guidance. Allah has also commanded the Muslims to avoid the Christians’ ways, for they worship Allah without knowledge, and are thus lost in the darkness of misguidance. Allah has ordered the Muslims to ask Him for guidance to the Straight Path, which entails acquiring knowledge in the Truth and abiding by it. When one acquires knowledge in Islam and then implements it, he will, in fact, be renouncing all those who indulge in Bid’ah (innovation in the religion) and misguidance. One of our Salaf (righteous ancestors) once stated that, “Whoever worships Allah with ignorance, he will bring about more harm Ignorance is a major reason why many Muslims fall into all types of ‘Haram (the prohibitions) and Bid’ahs, as Imam Ibn Taymiyyah has stated, “What brings about the benefit of the son of Adam are Iman and working the good deeds. What nullifies those two are ignorance the opposite of knowledge which will misguide such people, and also following the desires and what the heart wants, thus making such people among the defiant rebels and the cursed persons.”

    Nowadays, ignorance in the religion has become widespread. This is a sign of the Last Hour, as the Prophet has informed us. Anas narrated that the Messenger of Allah said, what translated means, “Raising up knowledge while ignorance remaining (on earth) is a Sign of the (Last) Hour.” [Al-Bukhari, Muslim & ibn Majah]. Also, Abu Hurayrah reported that the Messenger of Allah said, “Time will be shortened, the knowledge will be raised up, the Fitan (trials, calamities, etc.) will appear, stinginess will be widespread and Al-Haraj will appear in abundance.” He was asked, “And what is Al-Haraj?” He said, “Murder!” [Muslim & ibn Majah].

    According to these Hadiths, knowledge of the religion will be raised up just before the Last Hour commences. Ibn ‘Hajar said in Fat’h Al-Bari, “This Hadith indicates that ignorance will be so widespread that its opposite knowledge will be scarce, as is evident by the Prophet’s saying that ‘knowledge will be raised up.’ Then, only ignorance will remain. Although a few scholars will also remain, they will be much fewer than the ignorant ones!” Also, Abu Waail said, “Once, I was sitting with Abdullah ibn Mas’ud and Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari who both said that the Messenger of Allah has said, ‘There will be days that will come just before the Hour, when knowledge will be raised up, ignorance will be sent down (and spread on earth) and when Al-Haraj and Al-Maraj (murder and violence) will be in abundance!’” [Al-Bukhari & Muslim].
    The Messenger of Allah has stated that knowledge of the religion will be raised up in several other authentic Hadiths, such as, “Allah will not raise up knowledge by erasing it from the slaves’ (hearts), but He will raise up knowledge by bringing death to the scholars (when their appointed terms expire). When He has not left a scholar, people will then appoint ignorant leaders (or false scholars), and will ask them and they will give Fatwa (religious decrees) without knowledge, and will thus be misguided and also a source for misguidance.” [Al-Bukhari, Ahmad & ibn Majah].

    Imam An-Nawawi said, “This Hadith explains what raising up the knowledge means in the previous Hadiths, that is, not by erasing it from people’s hearts, but by the death of the scholars who carry such knowledge. Then, people will seek some ignorant persons who will rule with their ignorance, thus becoming misguided themselves and will also misguide others.” Issuing Fatwas without knowledge is indeed a major sin and Bid’ah. Allah said, what translated means,

    Say (O Mohammad), “(But) the things that my Lord has forbidden are great evil sins whether committed openly or secretly, sins of all kinds, unrighteous oppression, joining partners in worship with Allah for which He has given no authority, and saying things about Allah of which you have no knowledge.” [7:33].

    Imam ibn Al-Qayyim said, “The origin of Kufr and Shirk comes from saying about Allah without knowledge, which is one of the most prohibited acts in the Sight of Allah. It produces the most harmful effects, because it entails lying with regards to Allah and describing Him with what is not appropriate. This also entails changing and altering Allah’s religion, denying what He has approved while approving what He has denied, implementing what He has rejected while rejecting what He has commanded to be carried out, hating those who are His loyalists while taking His enemies as loyal friends, detesting what He loves while loving what He hates, and describing Him with what is not appropriate with regards to His Attributes, Speech and Actions.”

    Allah has prohibited for His slaves to issue religious decrees that proclaim a matter as either prohibited or allowed in the religion without knowledge or proof from the Quran or Sunnah. He said, what translated means,

    And say not concerning that which your tongues put forth falsely, “This is lawful and this is forbidden,” so as to invent lies against Allah. Verily, those who invent lies against Allah will never prosper. [16:116], and,

    And verily, among them is a party who distort the Book with their tongues (while they read it), so that you may think it is from the Book, but it is not from the Book, and they say, “This is from Allah,” but it is not from Allah; and they speak a lie against Allah while they know it. [3:78].

    Inventing a lie against Allah is a major sin and a dangerous path to take, and indeed an act of transgression against Allah that also misguides people,

    Then who does more wrong than one who invents a lie against Allah, to lead mankind astray without knowledge. Certainly, Allah guides not the people who are wrongdoers. [6:144].

    This Ayah states that there is no greater evil than for one to prohibit what Allah has allowed or to allow what He has prohibited. This Ayah emphasizes the grave mistake and miscalculation of those who invent a Bid’ah and thus relate to Allah what He did not legislate. We have presented ample evidence from the Quran and Sunnah emphasizing the importance of avoiding issuing religious decrees or indulging in what one has no knowledge of. The religion and also sound minds agree that it is better for people to merely say, “I do not know,” about what they do not know. When people see that such persons fear Allah and are cautious with regards the religion, they will only respect and appreciate them more. The true Muslim never utters a saying without knowledge, taking the example of the best and most knowledgeable of all mankind, the Messenger of Allah, Salla Allahu Alayhi Wasallam, who used to say, “I do not have knowledge in this,” when asked about what Allah did not yet reveal to him. Also, the companions, especially the most knowledgeable among them, used to be cautious when asked about matters of the religion. Abu Bakr once said, “Which sky will cover me and which earth will carry me, if I say about the Book of Allah that which I have no knowledge!”

    It is amazing that some Muslims in the present time discard this much needed caution, as they rush to give answers about various matters and aspects of the religion, without having the necessary knowledge, and often with arrogance and defiance, thus allowing what Allah has prohibited or prohibiting what Allah has permitted. Muslims are obliged to seek knowledge in Islam from its true resources, the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Messenger, according to the way the companions understood and implemented them. They are also obliged to seek matters of Ijmaa’, where the entire community of scholars agree on a matter of the religion. This is the True Path and the way of the Saved Group. Therefore, it is necessary to have fear from Allah, to seek knowledge in the religion and to know that he whom Allah wants his good, He will grant him knowledge in the religion. And when you seek the knowledge of Islam, seek it for the sake of Allah Alone and intend to implement it as soon as you learn it. But do not seek knowledge merely to gain access to fame, positions or winning arguments. And make all your deeds sincere for the sake of Allah, and pray that Allah accepts your deeds, for He is the One Who accepts the supplication from His slaves.

    "I put my trust in Allah, my Lord and your Lord! There is not a moving creature, but He has a grasp of its forelock. Verily, my Lord is on the straight path. (The truth)"

    This is a sign of the Last Hour, as the Prophet has informed us.
    Once again, accounts from hadith state the opposite of what ALLAH teaches us.

    (al-ahqaf 46:9)Say: "I am no bringer of new-fangled doctrine among the apostles, nor do I know what will be done with me or with you. I follow but that which is revealed to me by inspiration; I am but a Warner open and clear."

    The Prophet never claimed knowledge of the future. How could these narrators have heard him saying the same?

    (al-Anam 6:50)Say, `I do not say to you: `I possess the treasures of ALLAH, nor do I know the unseen; nor do I say to you: `I am an angel, I follow only that which is revealed to me.' Say, `Can a blind man and one who sees be alike?' Will you not then reflect.

    When will we reflect?? When will we understand that the Prophet was a human being like us, chosen to deliver Allah's message.

    (al-Kahf 18:110) Say, I am but a man like yourselves; but it is revealed to me that your God is One God. So let him who hopes to meet his Lord, do good deeds, and let him join no one in the worship of his Lord.

    The Prophet had no knowledge of the future or when the day of judgement will come to pass. People asked him, but he was instructed by Allah to respond as such:

    (al-A`raf 7:187)They ask thee of the (destined) Hour, when will it come to port. Say: Knowledge thereof is with my Lord only. He alone will manifest it at its proper time. It is heavy in the heavens and the earth. It cometh not to you save unawares. They question thee as if thou couldst be well informed thereof. Say: Knowledge thereof is with Allah only, but most of mankind know not.

    (al-Araf 7:188) Say: "I have no power over any good or harm to myself except as God willeth. If I had knowledge of the unseen, I should have multiplied all good, and no evil should have touched me: I am but a warner, and a bringer of glad tidings to those who have faith."

    How sad it is that we do not reflect. How clear can the Ayats get? I mean what else does ALLAH have to do; short of hitting us in the head with a physical stick to remind us that NO ONE except him has the knowledge of the desinted Hour.

    We do not scrutinize the many narratives that reached us but blindly take them for the word of the Prophet and quickly make it part of our religion. How sad indeed.

    These are GOD's revelations that we recite to you truthfully. In which Hadith other than GOD and His revelations do they believe?(45:6)
    JaddoN kaddya jaloos ghareeba tay shehr ich choatalee lug gayee


      Why do we have to follow the sunnah of Prophet Muhammad and not just follow the Qur'an?
      The question may appear strange and somewhat surprising to committed, practising Muslims. How can something which is so obviously one of the bases of Islaam become a matter for discussion and debate? But since the question has been asked, we will present, with the help of Allah, the principles and bases of the importance of the Sunnah, the obligation to follow it and the ruling concerning those who reject it. By so doing, we will also refute the doubters and the misguided group who call themselves “Submitters” (the Qur’an has nothing to do with them!) Insha'Allah this discussion will be of benefit to everyone who wants to understand the truth of the matter.
      Proof of the importance of the Sunnah from the Qur'an itself:

      Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): “He who obeys the Messenger has indeed obeyed Allah...” [4:80] Allah described obedience to the Prophet (peace be upon him) as being a part of obedience to Him. Then He made a connection between obedience to Him and obedience to the Prophet (peace be upon him): “O you who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger...” [4:59]

      Allah warns us not to go against the Prophet (peace be upon him), and states that whoever disobeys him will be doomed to eternal Hell. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): “...And let those who oppose the Messenger’s commandment beware, lest some fitnah (trial, affliction, etc.) befall them or a painful torment be inflicted on them.” [24:63]

      Allah has made obedience to His Prophet a religious duty; resisting or opposing it is a sign of hypocrisy: ”But no, by your Lord, they can have no Faith, until they make you [Muhammad] judge in all disputes between them, and find in themselves no resistance against your decisions, and accept (them) with full submission.” [4:65]

      Allah commands His slaves to respond to Him and His Messenger: “O you who believe! Answer Allah (by obeying Him) and (His) Messenger when he calls you to that which will give you life...” [8:24]

      Allah also commands His slaves to refer all disputes to him: “... (And) if you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger...” [4:59]

      Allah also calls all people who accept Allah but refute the Messenger as 'Real Kafirs': “Verily, those who deny Allâh and His Messengers and (those who) wish to separate Allah from His Messengers (by believing in Allâh and disbelieving in His Messengers), saying: "We believe in some but reject others": and (those who) wish to adopt a way in between. They are in truth (equally) Unbelievers; and We have prepared for Unbelievers a humiliating Punishment. To those who believe in Allah and His Messengers and make no distinction between any of the Messengers, We shall soon give their (due) rewards: for Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.” [4:150-153]


        "And whatever the Messenger gives you, take it, and whatever he forbids you, leave it. And fear Allah: truly Allah is severe in punishment. " [Qur'an 59:7]


        In Islam, the Arabic word sunnah has come to denote the way Prophet Muhammad (saas), the Messenger of Allah, lived his life. The Sunnah is the second source of Islamic jurisprudence, the first being the Qur'an. Both sources are indispensable; one cannot practice Islam without consulting both of them. The Arabic word hadith (pl. ahadith) is very similar to Sunnah, but not identical. A hadith is a narration about the life of the Prophet (saas) or what he approved - as opposed to his life itself, which is the Sunnah as already mentioned.

        In M. M. Azami's Studies in Hadith Methodology and Literature, the following precise definition of a hadith is given,

        According to Muhaddithiin [scholars of hadith -ed.] it stands for 'what was transmitted on the authority of the Prophet, his deeds, sayings, tacit approval, or description of his sifaat (features) meaning his physical appearance. However, physical appearance of the Prophet is not included in the definition used by the jurists.'

        Thus hadith literature means the literature which consists of the narrations of the life of the Prophet and the things approved by him. However, the term was used sometimes in much broader sense to cover the narrations about the Companions [of the Prophet -ed.] and Successors [to the Companions -ed.] as well.

        The explosion of Islam in the 7th and 8th centuries confronted Islamic scholars with a daunting task: to preserve the knowledge of the Sunnah of the Prophet (saas). Hence the science of hadith evaluation was born. We recommend that you read the "Introduction to the Science of Hadith" below to understand the tremendous efforts that were required to sift the true reports from the false reports.

        And it is not for a believer, man or woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decreed a matter, that they should have any option in their decision 33:36

        Hadhrat Sufyaan Ibn As'ad Khadrami (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that he heard Muhammad (peace be upon him) say: "Indeed it is an act of the greatest abuse of trust if you tell a Muslim brother something which is false while he believes that you are telling him the truth."
        (Abu Dawud).


          YUSUFALI: Allah disdains not to use the similitude of things, lowest as well as highest. Those who believe know that it is truth from their Lord; but those who reject Faith say: "What means Allah by this similitude?" By it He causes many to stray, and many He leads into the right path; but He causes not to stray, except those who forsake (the path),-
          PICKTHAL: Lo! Allah disdaineth not to coin the similitude even of a gnat. Those who believe know that it is the truth from their Lord; but those who disbelieve say: What doth Allah wish (to teach) by such a similitude? He misleadeth many thereby, and He guideth many thereby; and He misleadeth thereby only miscreants;
          SHAKIR: Surely Allah is not ashamed to set forth any parable-- (that of) a gnat or any thing above that; then as for those who believe, they know that it is the truth from their Lord, and as for those who disbelieve, they say: What is it that Allah means by this parable: He causes many to err by it and many He leads aright by it! but He does not cause to err by it (any) except the transgressors,