Announcement

Collapse
No announcement yet.

GENDER EQUITY IN ISLAM-Jamal Badawi

Collapse
X
 
  • Filter
  • Time
  • Show
Clear All
new posts

    GENDER EQUITY IN ISLAM-Jamal Badawi

    taken from: GENDER EQUITY IN ISLAM

    Chapter 1: THE SPIRITUAL ASPECT

    FOUNDATIONS OF SPIRITUAL AND HUMAN EQUITY
    http://www.jannah.org/genderequity/

    O mankind! Reverence your Guardian-Lord, Who created you from a single person (nafsin- waahidah), created, of like nature, his mate, and from them two scattered (like seeds) countless men and women--reverence Allah through Whom you demand your mutual (rights), and (reverence) the wombs (that bore you): for Allah ever watches over you.... (Qur'an 4:1)

    It is He Who created you from a single person and made his mate of like nature, in order that he might dwell with her (in love). When they are united, she bears a light burden and carries it about (unnoticed). When she grows heavy, they both pray to Allah, their Lord (saying) "If You give us a goodly child, we vow we shall (ever) be grateful. (Qur'an 7:189)

    (He is) the Creator of the heavens and the earth: He has made for you pairs from among yourselves and pairs among cattle: by this means does He multiply you! There is nothing whatever like unto Him, and He is the one that hears and sees (all things). (Qur'an 42:11)

    But He fashioned him (the human, or insane) in due proportion and breathed into him something of His spirit. And He gave you (the faculties of) hearing and sight and understanding: Little thanks do you give! [3] (Qur'an 32:9)



    Regarding pregnancy and childbirth, the Qur'an states:


    And We have enjoined on (every) person (to be good) to his/her parents: in travail upon travail did his/her mother bear him/her and in years twain was his/her weaning: (hear the command) "Show gratitude to Me and to your parents: to Me is (your final) Goal." (Qur'an 31:14)

    We have enjoined on (every) person kindness to his/her parents: in pain did his/her mother bear him/her and in pain did she give his/her weaning is (a period of) thirty months. At length, when he /she reaches the age of full strength and attains forty years, he/she says "O my Lord! grant that I may be grateful for Your favor which You have bestowed upon me and upon both my parents and that I may work righteousness such as You may approve; and be gracious to me in my issue. Truly have I turned to You and truly do I bow (to You) in Islam (submission)." (Qur'an 46:15) [5]


    For Muslim men and women, for believing men and women, for devout men and women, for true men and women, for men and women who are patent and constant, for men and women who humble themselves, for men and women who give in charity, for men and women who fast (and deny themselves), for men and women who guard their chastity, and for men and women who engage much in Allah's praise-- for them has Allah prepared forgiveness and great reward. (Qur'an 33:35)

    One Day you shall see the believing men and the believing women, how their Light runs forward before them and by their right hands. (Their greeting will be): "Good News for you this Day! Gardens beneath which flow rivers! To dwell therein forever! This is indeed the highest Achievement!" (Qur'an 57:12)


    O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know each other. Verily the most honored of you in the sight of Allah is (one who is) the most righteous of you. And Allah has full knowledge and is well acquanted (with all things). (Qur'an 49:13)


    A few observations about this verse may be helpful in tracing the foundation of spiritual and human equality before Allah:

    a. It begins by addressing not only Muslims but the whole of mankind, irrespective of their gender and their national or religious backgrounds. As such, it is a universal declaration to all made by the Creator of all.

    b. It states that there is only One creator of all mankind. As such there is no room for arguments of superiority based on one's having been created by a "superior" God, as there is only One god (Allah). Nor is there any basis for a caste system based on some having been created in a way which is "different" from others or is superior. As Prophet Muhammad (P) explained, "... You all belong to Adam, and Adam was created from dust." In the process of human reporduction there is no superiority or inferiority; kings and paupers, males and females, are created from what the qur'an describes as "despised fluid."

    Our having been crated by the One and Only Creator implies our basic equality before Him; He is just to all.

    c. Being a faithful creature, servant and worshipper of the One god is at the heart of one's real spirituality and humanness. In this, the essence of gender equality finds its most profound basis.

    d. The verse states that all human beings are created min thakarin wa-untha, which can be translated literally as "of male and female." This means in pairs, as the Qur'an explicitly mentiones elsewhere (e.g. 78:8). Each component of the pair is as necessary and as important as the other and hence is equal to him or her. The wording of this verse has been commonly translated as "from a (single pair of) a male and a female," referring to Adam and Eve. this serves as a reminder to all mankind that they belong to the same family, with one common set of parents. As such they are all equal, as brothers and sisters in that broad and "very extended" family.

    e. Variations in gender, languages, ethnic backgrounds and, by implication, religious claims, do not provide any basis for superiority or inferiority. Thhe implication of "that you may know each other" (Qur'an 49:13) is that such variations constitute a delibrate mosaic that Allah created, which is more interesting and more beautiful than a single "color" or a "unisex".

    f. Most significant and relevant to the topic at hand is the clear categorical statement that the most honored person in the sight of allah is the one who is most pious and righteous. this precludes any other basis for superiority, including. gender.

    6. Nowhere does the Qur'an state that ones gender is superior to the other. Some interpreters of the Qur'an mistakenly translate the Arabic word qiwamah (responsibility for the family) with the English word "superiority." The Quran makes it clear that the sole basis for superiority of any person over another is piety and righteousness , not gender, color or nationality.

    7. The absence of women as prophets or "messengers of Allah" in prophetic history is due to the demands and physical suffering associated with the role of messengers and prophets and not because of any spiritual inferiority attributed to women. [6] Socities to which prophets were sent, including the Israelities, pre-Islamic Arabs and others, were largely patriarchal socieites. they probably would have been less responsibe to the ministry of female messengers of god. In fact, they made things extremely difficult for male messengers.



    ------------------
    It is not righteousness that ye turn your faces towards East or West; but it is righteousness to believe in Allah and the Last Day, and the Angels, and the Book, and the Messengers; to spend of your substance, out of love for Him, for your kin, for orphans, for the needy, for the wayfarer, for those who ask, and for the ransom of slaves; to be steadfast in prayer, and practice regular charity, to fulfil the
    contracts which ye have made; and to be firm and patient, in pain (or suffering) and adversity, and throughout all periods of panic. Such are the people of truth, the God-fearing. [ Verse 177 : Surah Al-Baqarah ]

    [This message has been edited by Tube Runner (edited November 09, 2001).]

    [This message has been edited by Tube Runner (edited November 09, 2001).]

    #2
    .

    Comment


      #3
      Originally posted by Sarah Splendor:
      Ok, but can you justify the fact that God made these societies patriarchal, and thusmae women unequal as well?

      Also, tell me why Adam was made first and then Eve from him?

      First and foremost, it is incorrect to ask of Allah's Wisdom.

      Secondly, come out of your inferiority complex and look at the positive side.

      He has made them unequal in many respects. She is the one who bears the child and feeds it and raises it. Beneath her feet lies jannat. Keeping her happy is the route.

      The man is the poor slave who has to provide for the household.

      In Islam, she got her rights to ownership, inheritance, etc. In Islam she got respect. Aisha (radhi Allaho anha) was the most respected scholars of her time. Even the sahaba used to come and ask her for advice on intricate matters.

      Read the deen and try to understand your position. You are not what you think you are. You have a place in society. You are respected. If anybody raises his looks at you or misbehaves with you in any way, we are there to protect you, even if we have no direct relationship.

      Wake up sister and read. In it is your honour and salvation, Insha Allah.

      Comment


        #4
        .

        Comment


          #5
          Originally posted by Sarah Splendor:
          You never answered my questions. As for me having a special place in Islam, I never disagreed. I am treated like chattel, a guest in my parent's home, to be handed away like some ornament when the time comes. I don't have an inferiority complex, I feel I (read as in me) am perfectlt at par with ecerybody else, but in terms of intellgience, not in terms of social standing. In that way, I am MADE inferior. People don't expect women to have views about intricate matters. The example you gave is of only one woman, but there were many many male prophets, but not many many women like her.

          Well don't blame Islam for this, blame the environment and culture you live in.


          ------------------
          It is not righteousness that ye turn your faces towards East or West; but it is righteousness to believe in Allah and the Last Day, and the Angels, and the Book, and the Messengers; to spend of your substance, out of love for Him, for your kin, for orphans, for the needy, for the wayfarer, for those who ask, and for the ransom of slaves; to be steadfast in prayer, and practice regular charity, to fulfil the
          contracts which ye have made; and to be firm and patient, in pain (or suffering) and adversity, and throughout all periods of panic. Such are the people of truth, the God-fearing. [ Verse 177 : Surah Al-Baqarah ]

          Comment


            #6
            Originally posted by Sarah Splendor:
            As for me having a special place in Islam, I never disagreed. I am treated like chattel, a guest in my parent's home, to be handed away like some ornament when the time comes.
            You have it all wrong. I loved my daughter and cried when she was being taken away by the bridegroom and his family.
            I don't have an inferiority complex, I feel I (read as in me) am perfectlt at par with ecerybody else, but in terms of intellgience, not in terms of social standing. In that way, I am MADE inferior.
            Again wrong. Who says you are made inferior? Allah has given you a place of responsibility. You are a daughter, a sister, a wife-to-be, a mother-to-be. Do you think these are responsibilities given to inferiors? They are very important as you have to prove yourself and improve the lot around you.
            [quote]People don't expect women to have views about intricate matters. The example you gave is of only one woman, but there were many many male prophets, but not many many women like her.[quote]
            Have you heard of Hajar (radhi Allaho anha), the wife of Ibrahim (alaihe salam) and mother of Ismail (alaihe salam)?

            Have you heard of Maryam (radhi Allaho anha), mother of Eesa (alaihe salam)?

            Have you heard of Khadija (radhi allaho anha), the first wife of Prophet Mohammad (sallallaho alaihe wasallam)?

            Have you heard of Fatima (radhi Allaho anha), the daughter of the Prophet and wife of Ali (radhi Allaho anho)?

            These are some more women who had a very important role in Islamic history. I can give you many more. But best thing for you is a book "The Ideal Muslimah" which is available on the web. Go to http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/humanrel.../chapter1.html
            Print and read at your convenience. Insha Allah you will see what you are and what your responsibilities are.

            Comment


              #7
              Ok, but can you justify the fact that God made these societies patriarchal, and thusmae women unequal as well?
              Hmmmm I think there have been many matriarchal civilizations in history as well. Qur'an talks about the Queen of Sheeba as a ruler over men, who had their nations destiny in her hands.

              "I found (there) a woman ruling over them and provided with every requisite; and she has a magnificent throne." (27:23)

              Also, tell me why Adam was made first and then Eve from him?

              In the result they both ate of the tree, and so their nakedness appeared to them: they began to sew together, for their covering, leaves from the Garden: thus did Adam disobey his Lord, and allow himself to be seduced. (20:121)

              Are we even now? Men should be complaining "Hey God, Eve ate it too, why just mention us?"
              ---------------------------------------
              These are GOD's revelations that we recite to you truthfully. In which Hadith other than GOD and His revelations do they believe?(45:6)

              [This message has been edited by PakistaniAbroad (edited November 11, 2001).]
              JaddoN kaddya jaloos ghareeba tay shehr ich choatalee lug gayee

              Comment

              Working...
              X