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Modernism in Islaam (part 2)

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    Modernism in Islaam (part 2)

    Modernism in Islam - Jamal Zarabozo (part 2 of 4)

    THE INFLUENCE OF MODERNISM IN AMERICA

    Modernist are saying that the West and the world has changed, and that Islam must become "civilized". Modernism has spread the most in the U.S. because:

    1) there are no scholars available to refute them, or they won't refute them because people don't want to criticize them;

    2) it allows Muslims from overseas to become part of American society and they do not have to be recognized as Muslim. Also, new American Muslims will not have to change their old lifestyle;

    3) much of the literature, scholars, and institutions in the U.S. reflect the modernist thinking.

    In tafseer, Yusuf Ali is the most popular translator of the meaning of the Qur'an, even though he denies what the 'aql can't see (of the unseen). In seerah, one book is saying the Prophet is like anyone else. Another tries to say the sunna is not for the shariah and that sometimes we have to throw away the hadith because Allah did not correct the Prophet's mistakes when he made ijtihaad. In Fiqh, modernists say interest is permissible, menstruation women can pray, and Muslim women can marry kaafir men. They say the face of women was not covered until 150 years after the time of the Prophet, even though it existed in his time, and that women should always pray in the mosque, even though hadith only show women in the mosque at Ishaa and Fajr because they could not be recognized in the dark. They also say polygamy is forbidden except under certain conditions (which do not exist). Finally, it should be mentioned that this movement is organized and has resources such as magazines, television, conventions, and literature.


    SOME OF THEIR VIEWS

    Modernists influence the thinking of people, and that person spreads their views on unknowingly. Their way of thinking is the most dangerous thing about them. None discuss aqeedah (belief) because it is not important to them ('aql judges naqal). They are also trying to remove the sunna and say that the system of the old muhadditheen is insufficient. Most say (as do critics of the Bible) that we need a "higher criticism" of hadith and the earlier conclusions (ijmaa) of scholars are not sufficient, yet they give no new way to judge hadith. However, we as Muslims understand that the Prophet was guided by Allah and that we may not be able to understand everything in the hadith with our 'aql. It is common for the modernists to question the role of the sunna in the shariah. One said all of the sunna is of this world and not deen, even in the Prophet's time, therefore it is all a matter of shoora (consultation) and ijtihaad (therefore changeable). Another says we need to make ijtihaad for what is to be followed, and changes of time and place make sunna difficult to use. All of this is mentioned to weaken the view of the sunna. The Jews and Christians tried to differ the human from the divine. Modernists try to point out the differences between the Messenger as a human and as a Prophet. They also avoid following the sunna by dividing his life into parts (imam, judge, military leader, prophet, etc.), saying some are not divine teachings and not law. Some say everyone is free to make ijtihaad, and later restrictions on it were imposed by the people. Another said a ruling may change even if it is from the Qur'an and Sunna.

    --------------
    "No leaf falls except that He knows of it, and no rain drop forms except that He has willed it."

    #2
    Hello,

    I don't really know anything of Islamic Law, period.

    However, I have a question that relates to the Sunna and Shariah. The reason I ask is because I'm of the understanding that the Koran was a gift from God to Mohammad.

    Aren't the Sunna and Shariah Law just decisions made by man based on their own understanding of Koran? So perhaps some changes in law could be allowed? Just because man's thinking has progressed and is more logical than in olden times?

    Girl

    Comment


      #3
      well i dont know f u know this or notbut Islam is a UNIVERSAL religion....
      its not limited by time or location....
      anyone, anytime, anywhere in the world can *easily* follow Islam, to make his life better, if he/she wishes....
      there is no such rule in Islam that prohibits man from PROGRESS but somethings that r not right, remain WRONG even if the whole mankind thinks it correct....

      men (the scholars) are allowed to change things that do not deviate from the basic principles of Islam....
      e.g. films were not present in the time of the Prophet (pbuh) so scholars now have to give their VIEWS on the subject and they regard it as FORBIDDEN cuz we all know that the present day films introduce ppl to violence/sex/other unliked issues....

      and if anyone thinks that the scholars shud be more *modernized* and allow watching of films, then they forget that the Quran says that "and that ye draw not nigh to lewd things whether open or concealed" (Surah 6, Verse 151)....

      may Allah give us all the better understaning of the religion He has selected for us....
      Both Halal & Haram r evident but between them r doubtful things, most ppl have no knowledge about them. So whoever saves himself from suspicious things saves his religion & honor, & whoever indulges in suspicious things indulges in Haram.

      Comment


        #4
        Dear Girl,

        However, I have a question that relates to the Sunna and Shariah. The reason I ask is because I'm of the understanding that the Koran was a gift from God to Mohammad.
        The Qur'aan was not just a gift to Muhammad (peace be upon him), but a gift to the whole of mankind.

        "But it is nothing less than a message to all worlds." [Qur'an 68:52]

        "It is He who has sent His Messenger with Guidance and the Religion of Truth that He makes it prevail over all other Religions, even though the Pagans may detest." [Qur'an 38:88]

        With respect to your point:

        Aren't the Sunna and Shariah Law just decisions made by man based on their own understanding of Koran? So perhaps some changes in law could be allowed? Just because man's thinking has progressed and is more logical than in olden times?
        Firstly, regarding the Sunna of Muhammad (peace be upon him), then this too was inspiration from God as He - the Almighty - Himself attests in the Qur'an:

        "Nor does he speak of his own desire. It is only a revelation that is revealed." [Qur'an 53: 3-4]

        Secondly, regarding the Shariah, then these are not man made laws. On the contrary, when you consider the whole Islamic Jurisprudence system, then the basis of this together with the legal regulations implanted into the Islamic spectrum, is from no other than God. Islamic Laws and it's foundations can either be found in the Qur'an itself, or the Sunna of the Messenger (peace be upon him).

        Of course, and fully acknowledged, that every legal matter is unique and therefore needs to be judged accordngly, by those who are qualified and in a position to do so through knowledge of Islamic Law. However every ruling and judgement, that has not been addressed directly by God (in the Qur'an)or His Messenger - peace be upon him - in the Sunna, is based on the fundamental principles and guide-lines of God's Shariah.

        "And for Him is the Hukm (command) and to Him you shall all be brought back." [Qur'an 28:70]

        "The Hukm (command) rests with none but Allaah: He declares the Truth, and He is the best of judges." [Qur'an 6:57]

        When the Islamic state was established in Madeenah, Muhammad (peace be upon him) possessed complete authority to implement the Shariah and to administer the affairs of the society according to God's Rules. Under the authority of Islaam, Muslims and non-Muslims enjoyed unparalleled success, justice and security that contrasted sharply with oppressive backwardness of man-made societies that existed at the time. As the vehicle for applying and conveying Islaam, the State served as a practical example that other nations would witness as the illuminating representative of the application of God's Code. In Makkah, only a few hundred individuals accepted Islaam, but with the State in Madeenah, the Messenger (peace be upon him) consolidated the entire Arabian Peninsuala under the Just Authority of Islaam. In less than a generation, the State spread across the Roman and Persian Empires and influenced Africa, Europe and Asia.

        So, returning to your question, the answer would be no, Sunna and Sharia law are not just decisions made by man based on their own understanding of Qur'an. Therefore changes in the Principles of Islamic Law is by no means allowable.

        "This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islaam as your religion." [Qur'an 5:3]

        ------------------
        "No leaf falls except that He knows of it, and no rain drop forms except that He has willed it."


        [This message has been edited by Hasnain (edited November 07, 2001).]

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