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Brief Tafseer (Interpretation) of Soorah Faatihah (part 4)

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    Brief Tafseer (Interpretation) of Soorah Faatihah (part 4)

    [3] Ar-Rahmaan Ar-Raheem

    “The Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.”

    Again, the understanding behind the interpretation of this verse is the same as that of the first.

    [4] Maaliki yaomiddeen

    “Sovereign of the Day of Recompense.”

    ‘Maalik’ is also from the Names of Allaah and means ‘Sovereign/King/Owner’. That is to say that it is Allaah who will be the only Sovereign or King on the Day of Judgement. He will be the One rewarding and punishing His creation on that Day for their actions in this world. There shall be no other king or royalty except His Majesty alone.

    On that day, our body parts will be testifying for the actions we did in this life. Allaah will have total power and control and through His command our hands, our feet, our eyes, our ears, our tongues will all be talking for all the good and bad they did in this world. They will all testify as witnesses for us, or against us, depending on how we have used them: our hands for what we have touched; our feet for where we have walked to; our eyes for all we have seen; our ears for all we have heard; our tongues for what we have said (backbiting, gossip, slander etc).

    ‘Yoamiddeen’, not only does it imply ‘Day of Recompense’, but more specifically it means ‘…Recompense with Justice.’ That is to say, that Allaah shall judge with the greatest of justice. As humans, even the most just of judges on the land cannot be just and fair one hundred per cent of the time and this is because of his weak and deficient nature as a human. But Allaah is Most Just and will always be Just because of His very nature, and this is from the Perfect Attributes of Allaah that He is the Most Just. Allaah (subhaan wa ta’aalah) has made it haraam (unlawful and illegal) upon himself to be unjust. The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said in a hadeeth al-Qudsee:

    “Oh my servants, verily I have made oppression haraam on myself and I have made it haraam on yourselves, so do not oppress one another.”

    And in another hadeeth al-Qudsee, the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

    “On the Day of Judgement, whoever finds good, then He should praise Allaah, and if he finds other than that, then he should not blame other than himself.”

    So when we make ‘ibaadah' (worship) then we should ask Allaah (SWT) to forgive us for our shortcomings. We should worship Allaah from fear of Allaah and from love of Allaah and not because people are doing it.

    The 4 verses mentioned above help us to recognise Allaah and the knowledge of His Oneness (Tawheed). We need to know Allaah to know when He is testing us, else we may fail these tests. And when we recognise Allaah, we can ask Him for the means to receive the provisions, whether it is in the form of sustenance and the luxuries of this life, or whether it is for salvation in the Hereafter.

    So after acknowledging that it is Allaah who is the Most Merciful and Graceful and the One who grants us our provisions in order to live our lives in this world, and that He is the King of the Day of Judgement, then we should make Allaah alone the object of worship.

    "No leaf falls except that He knows of it, and no rain drop forms except that He has willed it."