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Brief Tafseer (Interpretation) of Soorah Faatihah (part 2)

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    Brief Tafseer (Interpretation) of Soorah Faatihah (part 2)

    Verse [1] (Bismillaah Ar-Rahmaan Ar-Raheem)

    “In the name of Allaah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.”

    This is the first verse in Soorah Faatihah and the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) reminded us that, any matter which has importance attached to it and does not start with the bismillaah (name of Allaah) then it will be cut off from Allaah’s barakah (blessing).

    So for a Muslim, it is essential that he/she start all actions with the name of Allaah by simply letting the word ‘bismillaah’ role off his/her tongue. It has also been narrated in an authentic hadeeth that the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) would begin with bismillaah while addressing Heraclius - King of Rome and ruler of Egypt and Alexandria - by letter.

    The word ‘Allaah’ has no feminine version and comes from the root ‘illaahum’ meaning ‘diety worthy of worship’.

    ‘Ar-Rahmaan’ and ‘Ar-Raheem’ come from the same root word ‘raheem’ (deduced from rahama) and means ‘to have mercy’. These are from the Perfect Names and Attributes of Allaah.

    So, Rahmaan means to be ‘Entirely Merciful’. That is to say, Allaah is Entirely Merciful to the whole of mankind. He is merciful to both Muslims and non-Muslims alike by providing them both with all sorts of luxuries and wealth, sustenance, children, the sun, the rain, the trees, nature’s beauty, alternation of night and day, the four seasons etc etc … and our very own human body, the way its intricate mechanism functions for sixty, seventy eighty years without dispute or defeat.

    And Allaah – the Most High – says in the Qur’aan:

    “It is Allaah who created the heavens and the earth and sent down rain from the sky and produced thereby some fruits as provision for you and subjected for you the ships to sail through the sea by His command and subjected for you rivers.” [Soorah Ibraheem 14:32]

    Yet this world, with all its pleasures and adornments, is less significant in the eyes of Allaah – the Most High – than the wing of a mosquito, as the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “If this world was worth as much to Allaah as the wing of a mosquito, He would not have given a disbeliever even a sip of water.” [Related in Tirmidhee, no.2436]

    However, Raheem means to be ‘Especially Merciful’. That is to say, Allaah is Especially Merciful to the believers. This Mercy is only for the believers, and through this Mercy of Allaah’s, he has guided the Muslims to His Deen because of their sincerity to find the truth. And He will be especially merciful to them on the Day of Judgement when he rewards them with Paradise because of their obedience to Him in this world (by singling Him out in worship). In a famous hadeeth of the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), he explained that Allaah has divided His mercy into seventy parts, one for this world and sixty-nine for the Hereafter.

    Allaah – the Most High – says:

    “Indeed those who have believed and done righteous deeds – they will have the Gardens of Paradise as a lodging.” [Soorah al-Kahf 18:107]

    So from this we can see that the believers will be the ones whom Allaah will favour with His Mercy on the Day of Judgement.

    "No leaf falls except that He knows of it, and no rain drop forms except that He has willed it."

    thanks for sharing that...
    "O man! What has seduced thee from thy Lord Most Beneficent?" - Quran 82:6

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