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Brief Tafseer (Interpretation) of Soorah Faatihah (part 3)

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    Brief Tafseer (Interpretation) of Soorah Faatihah (part 3)

    [2] Alhamdulillaahi Rabil ‘aalameen

    “All Praise is [due] to Allaah, Lord of the Worlds.”

    The word ‘Hamd’ means ‘praise and gratitude’. That is to say, Allaah is ‘Al-hamd’ -Most worthy of praise and gratitude - and this is from the Perfect Names and Attributes of Allaah.

    Verily, He is the highest authority and the most worthy of our praise and gratitude. We praise Allaah for all His Mercy and all His Bounties and for His Supremacy. There is praise for Him in every way and aspect, and Alhamdulillaah is on every condition and circumstance, and He alone is deserving of such praise. His actions are always between just and grace. Therefore to Allaah belongs perfect praise in all situations.

    This verse clearly highlights one of the categories of Tawheed (singling out Allaah) by ‘As-Smaa was Sifaat’ (His Names and Attributes). From eemaan (faith) in Allaah is to have eemaan in those of His Asmaaul-Husnaa (beautiful Names) and Sifaatul-‘Ulyaa (lofty Attributes) that occur in His great Book and that have been affirmed by His trustworthy Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), without distorting the wording or the meaning, divesting or denying the Attributes, or resembling Allaah to any of His creation. Rather, it is obligatory to leave His Names and Attributes uncorrupted as they came, and without asking how. Along with this, it is obligatory to have eemaan in the meaning that Allaah – the Mighty and Majestic – has been described with in a way that befits Him, without making similarities and resembling Him to His creation in any of His Attributes.

    Allaah – the Most High – says:

    “There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the All-Hearing, the All-Seeing.” [Soorah ash-Shoorah 42:11]

    “And do not put forward any similitudes for Allaah. Indeed Allaah knows and you do not know.” [Soorah an-Nahl 16:74]

    The word ‘Rab’ means ‘Lord’ And Indeed He, Allaah, is Lord, who created us and sees us through our development stage by providing for us, until we reach adulthood, grow old and die to be erected once again in the Hereafter.

    “Allaah is the one who created you, then provided for you, then will cause you to die, and then will give you life. Are there any of “your” partners who does anything of that? Exalted is He and high above what they associate with Him.” [Soorah ar-Room 30:40]

    There are two types of creation: for a general purpose; and for a specific purpose. We have been created for a specific purpose - to worship Allaah - and everything else that we acquire to live our lives has been created for a general purpose – whether it’s for the pleasure of our eyes, or whether it’s for our survival.

    So, He has created us and provided for us throughout our lives, and indeed, why has Allaah created us to worship Him? Simply, to test us. Allaah deserves worship because He is the Lord. He does not need our worship, but we need the worship of Allaah (if we desire to pass this test). The world is in need of Allaah and not Allaah in need of the world.

    And he did not create us alone for His worship:

    “And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me.” [Soorah adh-Dhaariyaat 51:56]

    And here ‘Lord of the worlds’ (Rab al-Aalameen) can be understood, where ‘worlds’ implies the ‘world of the jinn’ and the ‘world of mankind.’ Therefore Allaah also provides for the jinns (who have also been created to worship Him) as well as humans, and both hope for Allaah’s Mercy.

    "No leaf falls except that He knows of it, and no rain drop forms except that He has willed it."