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Muawiya's attempts at character assasination of the Prophet PBUH

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    Muawiya's attempts at character assasination of the Prophet PBUH

    Muawiya's attempts at character Assassination of the Prophet PBUH and his family.

    Ever wondered why some "hadith" seem so idiotic, lewd or smutty? Well read on.


    History, it has been said, is the propaganda of the victorious party.

    What this means is that in any conflict, the victor can manipulate history just as it pleases him, and there is nothing that the vanquished can do about it. The victorious party can cook up a story and broadcast it as the absolute truth without any fear of being challenged by anyone. It has not only the power to cook up its own story, it also has the power to spike the story of an opposing party.

    M. Shibli, the dean of India's Sunni historians of Islam, writes in his famous biography of Prophet Muhammad, Sira tun Nabi, volume I, 4th printing, published by Maarif Printing press, Azamgarh, UP, India in 1976:


    "Among all those extraneous forces which affect and influence the writing of history, none are more powerful than the government. But it will always be a source of pride for the Muslims that their pen was never subdued by the sword. Work on the compilation and collation of hadith was begun in the times of the Bani Umayya. For full 90 years, from Sindh in India to Asia Minor and Andalusia in Spain, Ali and the children of Fatima were cursed from every pulpit in every mosque after every Friday sermon. Thousands and thousands of hadith, glorifying Muawiya, were manufactured, and were put in circulation. In the times of the Abbasis, hadith were invented foretelling the birth and excellence of each Abbasi khalifa by name. What was the result of all this stupendous effort? The traditionalists declared publicly at the same time that all these hadith were spurious, and they rejected them. Today, we are proud to say that the science of hadith is free from all that filth and garbage."


    Almost, but not quite!

    In the case of innumerable hadith, the attempt to excise a false report from hadith literature, or to correct it, never caught up with the original untruths.

    Even after expurgation, if there was one, that part of the hadith literature which relates to the personal life of Muhammad, the blessed Prophet of Islam, is full of the quaint, the curious, the fanciful and the false. There are many hadith which make him appear as lustful and licentious, vindictive and cruel, opportunistic and unprincipled, and treacherous and unethical.

    Then there are some other traditions which can only be called smutty.

    But the evidence of history runs counter to such characterization of Muhammad. He could have been all these things but he was not. It is important, therefore, for Muslims and non-Muslims alike, to separate bunk and junk from fact and truth in studying the history of Islam.

    How did such traditions, which defy common sense and logic insinuate their way into the hadith literature, and how were the deed and statements which can only be called shocking, attributed to the man whose real life was the epitome of all purity, truthfulness, sincerity and simplicity?

    Shibli has made a rather perfunctory attempt to answer this question in the passage quoted above. He says that the most powerful extraneous agent that influenced the writing of history in the times of the Ummayds and the Abbasis was the government. The government in those days had the power to get history written to its own specifications. Both dynasties felt they were free to distort history or to suppress history, and whenever they believed it was in their interested to dos o, to invent "history" Whereas many hadith were invented for political reasons, there were also those hadith which were invented for sensual reasons. The sybarites of the courts of Damascus and Baghdad sought "sanctions" for their own pleasures in these hadith.

    A “hadith” means a statement. If a man saw the Prophet doing something or he heard him saying something, and then he reported it to others, it would be called “hadith” or a tradition. The companions considered it their duty to preserve all the traditions of the prophet for the benefit of the Muslim Ummah for all time.

    A hadith could also be a comment of the Prophet on some person. If he paid a compliment to any of his companions or if he criticized someone his remarks gained wide publicity among the Muslims. During the khilafat of Muawiya, many of these hadith were in circulation. He was quick to grasp their importance, and he decided to make them a political weapon in his campaign against Ali ibn Abi Talib and the Banu Hashim.

    Muawiya, who was the founder of the Umayyad dynasty, won for himself another “distinction”: He founded the “cottage industry” for the production of hadith. His successors, and after them, the Abbasi khalifas, patronized the industry for which a long time was busy churning out hadith. Though Shibli claims that hadith was expurgated by highly critical, perceptive and analytic censors, there was much that escaped detection by them, and is accepted today as genuine by a vast majority Muslims.

    Muawiya appointed a team of men to make up statements favorable to himself and to the other enemies of Ail, and t attribute them to the Apostle of God as his own hadith. AT the same time, he suppressed or tried to suppress the genuine hadith which were complementary to Ali, and ordered his team to manufacture hadith derogatory to him. The members of this team concocted hadith of both varieties, and he put them into circulation.

    After the death of Muawiya, this campaign was carried on by his successors. Their “ghost writers”, “public relations” personnel, and image makers skillfully blended fake hadith with genuine hadith, and synthetic history with factual history, hoping that the mix would “jell”, as part of the sacred lore of the Muslims.

    Muawiya had one more reason for going into the business of hadith production. He knew that the generations of the future would judge every Muslim ruler against the ideal ruler, Muhammad. He knew too that if they did, they would find him poles apart from Muhammad. Hew as also aware that no matter what he did, he could never rise as high as Muhammad, he knew in fact that he could not reach the heights attained even by the slaves of Muhammad.

    But it occurred to him that though it was not possible for him to reach the sublime plane on which Muhammad, stood, it was possible for him to bring Muhammad down to the plane on which he stood by the simple process of tarnishing Muhammad’s reputation, so that he too would look like other mortals.

    Muawiya hoped that the indictment of the historians against him would be less sever if it was shown tot hem that even the most perfect man, Muhammad, God’s own messenger, was not altogether free from blemishes of character. Clearly, much of the content of hadith literature was a conspiracy for the character assassination of Muhammad, the Messenger of God.

    Muawiya and the other entrepreneurs of this “cottage industry" were successful in their attempt at the character assassination of Muhammad. They interspersed hadith literature with countless stories, anecdotes, and incidents, the intent of all of which was to make Muhammad look, in the eyes of posterity, less than Prophetic.

    For the compilation of hadith, Muawiya had given the following orders:

    1. All the traditions of the Prophet in praise of Ali or upholding his superiority in any way, should be suppressed.

    2. Any man narrating the virtues of Ali or quoting the hadith of the Prophet in this regard would do so at his own risk. His subsidies and stipends would be withheld from him. His house and other property would be confiscated. Hiss testimony as a witness would not be accepted in the courts, and he would be ostracized by other Muslims.

    3. On the other hand, every conceivable virtue should be attributed to Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and of course, to Muawiya himself. People should be encouraged to make up “hadith” of the Prophet in praise of these four men, and their friends. Whoever invents such hadith, would become a favorite at the royal court, and would receive rich rewards in rank or cash or estates etc.

    Concurrently with the founding of his “cottage industry”: for manufacturing “hadith” of the Prophet, Muawiya also set up a “brain laundry” for the Muslims. He instituted the practices of anathematizing the memory of Ali and his children from the pulpit in every mosque in his empire so that the Muslim children were born, they grew up, and they died hearing curses upon Ali, and not knowing who he was. Whole generations lived and died in ignorance. Falsehoods were put into circulation by the government on a scale so vast that they became the staple of their lives. Muawiya and his successors kept heir “brain laundries’ just as busy as their “cottage industry”.

    Muawiya mobilized every means for waging propaganda war against Ali and the Banu Hashim. The momentum of the blitz he launched against them has lasted down to our own times. He waged his war from the mosques. The prayer-leaders in them were paid to put weird and fantastic interpretation upon the verses of the Quran in an attempt show Ali at a disadvantage. They tried to convince the rank and file Muslims that it would be in their interest “in both worlds’ if they supported Muawiya against Ali and the Banu Hashim.

    If any hadith of the Prophet of Islam was complimentary to Ail, its narration was placed under proscription by Muawiya. This proscription was not lifted when he died in 680. It was not lifted even when his dynasty, the Ummayads, perished in 750, and it was not lifted even through the long centuries of the caliphate of the Abbasis.

    The Abbasis exterminated the Ummayads but they shared with them their animosity to Ali and to the children of Muhammad. In this matter, the aims and interests of the governments of Saqifa, and Ummayds, and the Abbasis converged, there was ideological compatibility among them all.

    As noted before, M. Shibli, the Indian historian, pointed out that the Shia Muslims did not write any history. Whatever history we have, has therefore, come down to us from the non-Shia or the anti-Shia sources. It has come down to us from the archives of the governments of Saqifa, the Ummayds, and the Abbasis.

    May Allah Almighty give us the wisdom and intellect to discern truth from falsehood.

    May Allah curse the inventors of lies and falsehood against the Prophet PBUH and his family.

    May Allah utterly destroy those who invent lies and false allegations against the believers and create divisions in their ranks.

    Ameen.



    [This message has been edited by alizadeh2000 (edited July 14, 2001).]

    #2
    aameen, sum-aameen. May Allah guide all of us (Shia and Sunni) to the right path and lead us to Heaven, aameen.

    Well, I'm not familiar who was "Pro-Ali" and who was from followers of Ameer Muwaiya... (don't know who Abbasids, Ummayyads etc are. but when this article said that Ameer Muwaiya (and his followers) propagated and fabricated false hadiths to 'elevate' or 'raise' respect of Muwaiya in public's eye (of course when they were in power)... then why is it not possible that when pro-Ali (RA) people came into power they removed (true and authentic) Ahadith in which Prophet PBUH praised all of his sahaba especially Abu Bakr (RA), Omar (RA), Othman (RA) ???

    It is human nature that when one resumes power, he be-littles his opponents. Even if 'Imams' wouldn't have wanted followers are not 'masoom', they might have done so ??
    ------------------
    We oughta be Changez like, don't we?

    [This message has been edited by Changez_like (edited July 13, 2001).]

    Comment


      #3
      Ameen
      Muslims are so good at dividing that they can divide the atom. If you see two Muslims, probably they belong to 3 parties.
      Al-Ghazali

      Comment


        #4
        Changez, here are 2 things you should know:

        1. Pro-Ali people never came to power in the so-called Caliphate, in the entire history, because they were severely persecuted and tormented by Ummayads and Abbasis. (Ummayads were opposing clan of Bani Hashim; Ummayads included the hypocrites Abu Sufyan, Muawiya and Yazid, who were descendents)

        2. Pro-Ali people generally believed in humility, justice and equality, much like Ali (AS) himself.

        [b]
        Well, I'm not familiar who was "Pro-Ali" and who was from followers of Ameer Muwaiya... (don't know who Abbasids, Ummayyads etc are. but when this article said that Ameer Muwaiya (and his followers) propagated and fabricated false hadiths to 'elevate' or 'raise' respect of Muwaiya in public's eye (of course when they were in power)... then why is it not possible that when pro-Ali (RA) people came into power they removed (true and authentic) Ahadith in which Prophet PBUH praised all of his sahaba especially Abu Bakr (RA), Omar (RA), Othman (RA) ???

        It is human nature that when one resumes power, he be-littles his opponents. Even if 'Imams' wouldn't have wanted followers are not 'masoom', they might have done so ??
        ------------------
        We oughta be Changez like, don't we?

        Comment


          #5
          Usman blindly gave all the important posts to all the Ummaya's people like Khalid bin Walid, Marwan and Muawiyah. They were all the worst of the hypocrites.

          These people hated no one more then bani Hashims and Hazrath Ali (as), because Imam Ali (as) had killed all their kafir grandfathers/fathers and broken their idols. Once they got into hukumat, they killed both grandsons of the holy Prophet (pbuh) and made uncountless hadiths.
          "And those who oppress shall see what kind of outcome overturns them." [26:227] Al-Quran

          Comment


            #6
            Hazrat Usman(RA) was also an Ummaya.

            The role of Hazrat Usman (RA) in the appointment of Muawiya as Khalifah is a very sensitive issue so we must discuss it with care and consideration.

            The family tree of the Ummayas, the Hashimites, and the Abbasis can be seen at : http://www.al-islam.org/masoom/bios/famtree.gif

            (The Prophet PBUH and his family were Hashimites)

            [This message has been edited by alizadeh2000 (edited July 14, 2001).]

            Comment

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