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'Uthman Ibn 'Affan

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    'Uthman Ibn 'Affan

    I want to share this article about great sahabi and Khlifa Uthman...

    'Uthman Ibn 'Affan

    (radi Allahu anhu)

    'Uthman Ibn 'Affan [radi Allahu anhu] was humble before Allah. He was and truly devoted to his Lord, the bearer of the two lights, the most revering of his Lord, who prayed toward the two Qibla, the Sacred House in Mecca and the Furthest Mosque in Jerusalem, and who enjoyed the privilege and blessings of migration twice. May Allah be forever pleased with him. He was the blessed third khalifah of Allah's messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

    'Uthman, may Allah shower him with His utmost blessings, prayed and invoked the divine favors between the two pinnacles of the night. He rose regularly at night to offer extended supererogatory prayers and to prostrate himself before his Creator, Cherisher, and Lord. He prayed for Allah's mercy to embrace him in this life and in the next, and he feared His displeasure and castigation.

    'Uthman radi Allahu anhu was generous and most shy, and he was vigilant, reverent, and fearful of his Lord. His fortune during the day consisted of goodness of character, fasting and prayers, and during the night, his fortune was made of supererogatory devotion, reading the Qur'anic revelation, contemplation, and prayers.

    'Uthman radi Allahu anhu was a hard-working and a persevering devoted worshiper. On this subject, and after his death, al-Hassan bin 'Ali, Allah be pleased with him and with his father, was once sitting in a group of believers, and they were reminiscing the virtues of 'Uthman, Allah be pleased with him. Al-Hassan, referring to his father, and in anticipation that he will further talk on this subject, said, 'The Prince of the Believers will soon arrive.' When 'Ali, radi Allahu anhu, arrived, he said: "Indeed, 'Uthman was among those about whom Allah Almighty said: "Those who believe in Allah and do righteousness deeds, who guard themselves against evil, and who have faith, thence, and as long as they are God-fearing and do good deeds, surely Allah loves the charitable ones." (Qur'an 5:93)

    Abu Bakr bin Musa narrated that 'Abdullah bin Omar, Allah be pleased with him, once explained that the Qur'anic verse: "He who worships devoutly during the hours of the night, prostrating himself or standing up (in devotion), who heeds the call of the hereafter, and hopes to win the mercy of his Lord," (Quran 39:9) refers to 'Uthman, Allah be forever pleased with him.

    Sulaiman bin Ahmad narrated that Ibn Omar narrated that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said: "The most humble and unassuming person among my followers is 'Uthman Ibn 'Affan."

    On this subject, Ahmad Ibn Hanbal reported that al-Hassan spoke of 'Uthman's regard to modesty, saying: "Even when he was in the privacy of his house, and his doors were locked, 'Uthman would not take off his robe when he poured water to wash himself, he would sit down while taking a bath, and his modesty prevented him from standing up naked before the all-Seeing Omnipresent Lord."

    'Abdullah bin Omar once said: "Three men from the tribe Quraish are the most cheerful, the most modest, and they have the best of character. They are truthful when they speak, and they are not suspicious of others' truthfulness. They are Abu Bakr al-siddiq, 'Uthman Ibn 'Affan, and 'Ubaida al-jarrah."

    Imam Muhammad Ibn Seerin narrated that when the assailants besieged 'Uthman's house, and in moments of distress, his beleaguered wife bursted out in tears as she cried out: "Whether you kill him or not, he is used to recite the entire Qur'an throughout the night during a single rak'ah of his prayers."

    Abi Ja'far narrated that Masrouq saw al-Ashtar, a member of the mob that murdered 'Uthman, Allah be pleased with him. Masrouq inquired: "Did you kill 'Uthman?" Al-Ashtar boastfully and conceitedly replied: "Yes we did." Masrouq pondered in dismay for a moment and then said: "By God, you have murdered a man who has fasted all his life and prayed all his nights."

    'Uthman, Allah be forever pleased with him, was given the glad tidings of the adversities he had to meet, and his heart was guarded against anxiety or complaints in that regard. 'Uthman met anxiety with patience, and he traveled through afflictions with thankfulness to his Lord. He sipped the bitter taste of his trials and tribulations in this world to savor the everlasting sweetness and solace of salvation in the hereafter.

    On this subject, Abu Musa al-Ash'ari narrated that he was once together with Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam inside a garden when someone came to the gate and sought permission to enter. Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said: 'Open the gate and give him the glad tidings of paradise and of an atrocious last trial in this world." When Abu Musa opened the gate, he found 'Uthman, Allah be pleased with him, standing at the door, and when I told him the news, he came in thanking Allah for His favors, and he sat down quietly next to Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

    Abi Hazim narrated that when 'Uthman was besieged inside his house, he said: "I have made a solemn promise to Allah's messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and I must endure its consequences with patience."

    Ahmad bin Sanan narrated that 'Uthman earned two distinct badges of honor that added to his prominence, and neither Abu Bakr nor Omar had them:

    (1) 'Uthman was unjustly murdered, and

    (2) he compiled the Qur'an.

    Among his other traits, 'Uthman spent freely his entire wealth on Allah's path, he sought the pleasure of his Lord, and he provided comfort to His servants. 'Uthman took little for himself, he wore ordinary cloaks, ate plain food, and sought the highest of achievements, and finally, by the mercy of his Lord, he was crowned with the highest of honors.

    Abu Huraira, Allah be pleased with him, narrated: 'Uthman bought paradise from Allah's messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, twice:

    1) Once in a business transaction when he bought the well of rumah (from the disbelievers), and which he made a public property for all Muslims, and

    2) he bought it a second time when he fully financed and equipped the Army of Hardship (jaish al 'Usra)

    Also on this subject, 'Abdu-Rahmin Ibn Abi Habab alSalmi narrated that prior to the Battle of Badr, Allah's messenger delivered a sermon concerning the Army of Hardship, and he admonished the people to support it. Initially, 'Uthman pledged to equip one hundred men. When Allah's messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam further invited the people to share in this responsibility, 'Uthman made an additional pledge to equip another hundred. Allah's messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam spoke again on their behalf, and 'Uthman again added a pledge to equip another hundred. Allah's messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam then said: " 'Uthman does no longer need a deed of righteousness (i.e., to please Allah) after this."

    'Abdullah bin Omar narrated that when Allah's messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam saw 'Uthman going back and forth to equip the Army of Hardship (Arb. jaish al-'usra) before the Battle of Badr took place, Allah's messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam prayed: "O Allah, forgive 'Uthman for every step he takes back and forth, for every deed he hides and every deed he displays, and forgive him for whatever thoughts he conceals and whatever words he utters."

    Al-Hassan, son of 'Ali, once said: "I saw 'Uthman resting inside the mosque covered with an ordinary blanket, and he had no personal guards when he was the Muslim State's khalif and commander of the believers. When he woke up in the morning, the marks of stones showed on his side, and the people would point out, saying: "This is Amir ul-Mu'mineen."' (the commander of the believers).

    Ja'far bin Muhammad bin al-Fadhl narrated that 'Uthman used to feed the people the best of food, and later on, he would enter his house to partake a modest meal of some bread which he dipped in a little oil and vinegar.

    Sulaimin bin Musa narrated that during his caliphate, 'Uthman was called upon once to reprove a group of people who engaged in an iniquitous act. When he came out of his house, the people had dispersed, 'Uthman praised Allah Almighty for sparing him from such encounter, and on that day, he bought the freedom' of a slave as an expression of his deep gratitude to his Lord."

    Maimoun bin Mihran narrated that al-Hamaddni told him: 'I once saw 'Uthman, during the appoge of his caliphate, riding on a mule and his servant Na'il riding behind him."

    'Abdullah bin al-Rumi narrated that 'Uthman once said: 'If I was given a choice between going to heaven or hell, and not knowing to which of the two I will ultimately be taken, I would rather be turned into ashes before I know my final destination."

    'Abdullah bin 'Amir bin Rabi'a was once visiting with 'Uthman and he heard him say: "Let Allah be my witness, that I have never committed adultery in my life, whether during the period of jahiliyya (Arab paganism), or later on in Islam, and I became more reserved since the religion Islam was established."

    'Abdullah al-Madini narrated that 'Uthman's servant Hani said: 'Whenever 'Uthman visited a grave, he sobbed until his beard was soaking in tears."

    Abi Masja'a narrated: 'We once went along with 'Uthman to visit a dying person, and 'Uthman instructed him to utter the testimony, 'La illaha il Allah' (Surely there is no Allah except Allah). When the person did what he was told, 'Uthman immediately commented, 'I swear by Him in Whose presence my soul stands, with this testimony which he has just cast upon his sins, he has wiped them out altogether.' The people inquired with a degree of wonder, 'Is this something that you are personally testifying to, or did you hear this statement from Allah's messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam?' 'Uthman replied, 'Indeed, I have heard it from Allah's messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.' Someone then asked, 'If uttering this testament proves thus for a dying person, then what effects would it have on a healthy person when he testifies to it?' 'Uthman replied, 'Much much stronger.' "

    Saints are fine for Heaven, but they are hell on earth.