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Islam's Golden Era

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    Islam's Golden Era

    It is not merely a coincidence that words such as alchemy, alcohol, algebra, alkali,
    almanac, and zero are all words whose origin lies in the Arabic language. Too often, the numerous Islamic contributions made -particularly from 700-1500 C.E., before the European Renaissance - by Muslim philoshopers, sociologists, chemists, mathematicians, musicians, etc., have been overlooked or minimized.

    An excellent website exists that has detailed information regarding the rich contributions made by numerous Muslims in such diverse fields as animal husbandry, geology, non-euclidean geometry, chemistry, and sociology:

    Interesting tidbits I learned from this website:

    Ibn Sina - Renowned for his contributions to philosopy, mathematics, astronomy, and medicine; his "major contribution to medical science was his famous book al-Qanun, known as the 'Canon' in the West'". This is an encyclopedia of medicine extending over a million words. It 'reviewed the medical knowledge available from ancient and Muslim sources'. It was translated into Latin during the 1100s. Ibn Sina's portrait hangs in the University of Paris's Faculty of Medicine. By the age of ten, he had become well-versed in the Quran and basic sciences.

    Ulugh Beg - Grandson of Timur; renowned for his contributions to the field of astronomy. In 1428, Beg commissioned the development of an observatory, which "was used for determining the inclination of the ecliptic to the equator, the point of the vernal equinox, the length of the tropical year, and other astronomical constants measured from observation of the sun. It also included a quadrant so large that part of the ground was removed to allow it to fit in the Observatory."

    Beg computed the length of one year as being 365 days, 5 hours, 49 minutes, and 15 seconds long. In 1437, he published one of his most important works in which he documented several errors in Ptolemy's computations.


    >>>>Ibn Sina's portrait hangs in the University of Paris's Faculty of Medicine.

    I remember someone telling me a little about him once. Interesting info Nadia


      thanxs Nadia ... this is nice

      JJ of VS