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Four Basic Rules of Tawheed

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    Four Basic Rules of Tawheed

    Four Basic Rules of Tawheed
    Author: Shaikh Muhammad bin `Abdul Wahhaab



    Almighty Allaah, Lord of the Glorious Throne, I pray that He may guide you in this world and the next; that He may always bless you; that He may make you one of those who recognize His bounty, who remain firm in face of adversity, and who repent and seek His forgiveness if they disobey or sin. These three characteristics are the indices of felicity and blessedness.

    Know that pure worship and monotheism, which is the religion of Abraham, consists of worshipping Allaah alone, of dedicating yourself sincerely to serving Him. Allaah said:

    "I have not created jinn and men but to worship Me".[1]

    Once you know that Allaah has created you to serve Him, you will realize that there can be no service except with Pure Monotheism (Arabic: Tawhid). Just as there is no formal prayer without purity, and there is no purity with uncleanliness, so there is no worship of Allaah while worshipping others along with Him (Arabic: Shirk). By associating others with Almighty Allaah, man's worship is spoilt, his deeds are vain and he is doomed to eternal Hellfire. If you are cognizant of all this, you will realize that your most important care should be to have all the knowledge pertinent thereto, that Allaah may save you from Hell's terrible abyss. Almighty Allaah said: "Allaah will not forgive any the association of anything with Him; but He will forgive any lesser offense to whomsoever He chooses".[2] Such pertinent knowledge consists of four basic rules, elaborated in Almighty Allaah's Holy Book.

    First Rule:

    The first rule is the knowledge that the unbelieving pagans whom the Prophet Muhammad, the peace and grace of Allaah be upon him, opposed, did acknowledge that Almighty Allaah - May He be glorified - is indeed the Creator, Provider and Maker of this world. However, this did not make them Muslims. Evidence therefor is in the verse:

    "Ask them: 'Who sends down for you your provision from the sky and grows it out of the earth? Who hears your prayer and sees your condition? Who brings the living out of the dead and the dead out of the living? Who directs the course of the world?' They will answer: 'Allaah.' Answer: 'Would you then not fulfill your duty to Him?'"[3]

    Second Rule:

    The second rule is to know that the unbelievers claim that they do not pray to their objects of worship and call on them except to the end that they may intercede on their behalf with Allaah, as the verse said:

    "Those who worshipped others as patrons beside Allaah, claiming that they did so only to come through their intercession nearer to Him, will receive the judgment of Allaah in the matter they contend. Allaah will not guide the ingrate, the liar".[4]

    Evidence regarding intercession is in the verse:

    "They serve beside Allaah beings which can neither benefit nor harm, claiming, 'These are our intercessors with Allaah.'"[5]

    There are two kinds of intercession, one illegitimate and the other legitimate. The former is that which is sought from sources other than Allaah regarding matters where all the power lies in Allaah alone. Evidence for this is-in the verse:

    "O men who believe, spend of that which We have provided for you before the Day when there will be neither sale nor purchase, neither favors nor intercession. The unbelievers are themselves unjust."[6]

    The legitimate intercession is that which is asked of Almighty Allaah, where the intercessor receives his power from Him, and the interceded for is he whom Allaah is pleased to accept as such for his word and deed. Almighty Allaah said:

    "No one may intercede with Allaah except by His permission".[7]

    Third Rule:

    The third rule is the knowledge that the Prophet Muhammad, may Allaah bless him and give him peace, appeared among people of many religious traditions. Some worshipped angels; others worshipped the prophets and saints of Allaah; others worshipped trees and stones, sun and moon. All of these peoples were fought by him, as they must, relentlessly without distinction. Evidence therefor is in the following Qur'anic verses:

    "And fight them, that there may be no aberration in religion, and all religion belongs to Almighty Allaah".[8]

    "Day and night, sun and moon, are His creation and sign. Do not .worship the sun or the moon, but Allaah, their Creator, if you seek the truth".[9]

    "Almighty Allaah does not command you to take the angels and prophets as Lords".[10]

    "And Allaah said to Jesus, son of Mary: 'Did you ask men to take you and your mother for objects of worship beside Almighty Allaah?' He answered: 'Praise be to You, O Allaah! How can I have asked that which is not mine to ask? If I did, You know it and all that is in my mind. I do not know what is in Your mind, O Transcendent, All- Knowing Allaah! I have not conveyed to them except what You have commanded me to convey, namely, Worship and serve Allaah, my and your only Lord. I was a witness for You in their midst. When You caused me to die, You took over the witnessing on them as well as on all else. If You punish them, they are Your creatures; and if You forgive them, You are the Mighty, the Wise".[11]

    "Those unto whom they pray [i.e., the saints] themselves seek an avenue to their Lord's mercy, compete in coming close to Almighty Allaah, and fear His punishment. Punishment of your Lord is certainly to be shunned".[12]

    "Have you considered al-Lat, al-'Uzza and the third one Manat?" [13]

    Are yours the males and His the females? Is this not ridiculous? All of them are but names which you have named, following the example of your ancestors. Allaah gave no voucher for them. You follow but a guess and your own desires".[14]

    Fourth Rule :

    The people who associate partners with Almighty Allaah, in both belief and worship, in our own day are worse and hence more guilty than those of pre-Islamic times. For, the ancient ones used to only worship others besides Allaah in prosperity and return to genuine faith in adversity, whereas the present day associationists are constant in their unbelief, regardless of prosperity or adversity. Evidence for this is in the Qur'anic verse:

    "And when they ride in barks [in stormy seas] they address their prayers to Almighty Allaah in complete sincerity, but relapse into shirk (i.e. associating partners with Him) when they reach the shore." [15]

    May the peace and blessings of Almighty Allaah be upon Muhammad, his Companions and all those who follow him until the Last Day.

    References


    1 Qur'an 51:56.

    2 Qur'an 4:47, 115. It should be mentioned that Almighty Allaah will forgive those who have ascribed partners Him, or worshipped others along with Him, if they repent from doing it before they die.

    3 Qur'an 10:32.

    4 Qur'an 39:3.

    5 Qur'an 10:18.

    6 Qur'an 2:254.

    7 Qur'an 2:55.

    8 Qur'an 2:193.

    9 Qur'an 41:37.

    10 Qur'an 3:80.

    11 Qur'an 5:116-118.

    12 Qur'an 17:57.

    13 The names of false gods which were worshipped by the pre-Islamic Arabs.

    14 Qur'an 53:19-23.

    15 Qur'an 29:65.

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