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INDIA & PAKISTAN,.........50 YEARS(1947-1997)

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    INDIA & PAKISTAN,.........50 YEARS(1947-1997)

    Here is 50 years old history of Pakistan and India,.....BTW,..here is the link,..CNN Interactive......as follows:
    > http://www.cnn.com/WORLD/9708/India9...y/index.html#1
    >
    >

    INDIA ( 1947-1997)
    1947: Indian independence; India partitioned

    1948: Mahatma Gandhi assassinated; Integration of princely states

    1949: Ceasefire in Kashmir; Enactment of Indian constitution

    1950: India becomes Republic

    1952: First general elections; Congress government comes to power

    1956: The states are reorganized on a linguistic basis

    1962: War with China

    1964: Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru dies

    1965: War with Pakistan; ceasefire declared

    1966: Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri dies at Indo-Pak summit at Tashkent; Indira Gandhi comes to power

    1971 India and Pakistan wage another war

    1972: Simla agreement signed between Indira Gandhi and Pakistan Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (Benazir Bhutto's father.)

    1974: India becomes the world's sixth nuclear power, explodes nuclear device in Pokhran, Rajasthan

    1975 Indira Gandhi found guilty by court of electoral malpractice; President declares state of emergency due to "internal disturbance threat"

    1976 India and Pakistan re-establish diplomatic relations at the ambassadorial level

    1977: Emergency ends in sixth General elections; Janata Party comes to power

    1979: Janata Party splits; Seventh general elections held

    1980 Indira Gandhi returns to power

    1984: Indira Gandhi assassinated; son Rajiv Gandhi becomes Prime Minister; In Bhopal, Union Carbide gas leak kills over 2,200

    1989: Rajiv Gandhi's Congress defeated in ninth general elections; minority government led by Janata Dal's V.P Singh comes to power

    1991: V.P Singh's government falls; Rajiv Gandhi assassinated by Sri Lankan Tamil suicide bomber; Tenth general elections sees Congress government return to power with P.V. Narasimha Rao as Prime Minister

    1992: A Hindu mob demolishes the Babri Masjid (mosque) at Ayodhya; sparks off Hindu-Muslim riots in several cities across the country

    1996: Eleventh general elections -- the largest democratic exercise on the planet -- sees fall of P.V. Narasimha Rao and the Congress government. The Bharatiya Janata Party comes to power and falls after 13 days; United Front Coalition forms government under Prime Minister H.D. Deve Gowda

    1997 Congress withdraws support to coalition government; Deve Gowda resigns, I.K. Gujral becomes India's 12th Prime Minister

    ***************************************
    PAKISTAN (1947-1997)


    1947: Pakistan is born; Muhammad Ali Jinnah becomes governor-general of the new nation; Liaquat Ali Khan becomes Prime Minister

    1948: Jinnah dies; Khwaja Nazimuddin becomes governor-general

    1951: Liaquat assassinated; Nazimuddin becomes Prime Minister

    1955: Governor-General Ghulam Mohammad resigns, succeeded by Iskander Mirza

    1956 Constitution adopted; Mirza becomes president

    1958 Mirza abrogates Constitution, declares martial law; Mirza sent into exile; General Mohammad Ayub Khan assumes presidency

    1965 Second war between India and Pakistan over Kashmir

    1969: Martial law declared; Ayub Khan resigns; General Agha Mohammad Yahya Khan assumes presidency

    1970 First general elections; Sheikh Mujibur Rahman's Awami League secures absolute majority in new National Assembly; West Pakistan-dominated government declines to convene assembly

    1971 East Pakistan attempts to secede; civil war begins; Bangladesh declares itself independent issued; India intervenes on behalf of Bengali separatists; Pakistani military surrenders to Indian armed forces; Yahya Khan resigns; Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto becomes president of Pakistan

    1972: Bhutto and India's prime minister Indira Gandhi sign Simla agreement which adjusts cease-fire line between the two countries and creates new Line of Control

    1973: New constitution goes into effect; Bhutto becomes prime minister

    1976: Diplomatic ties established between Pakistan and Bangladesh

    1977: General Mohammad Zia ul-Haq proclaims martial law

    1978: Zia becomes Pakistan's sixth president

    1979 Islamic penal code introduced; Bhutto hanged

    1983: Zia announces that martial law will be lifted, says army will retain key role in future governments

    1985: General elections held

    1988: Zia dismisses Prime Minister Mohammmad Khan Junejo's government, orders new elections; Zia killed in mysterious place crash; investigation concludes that his death was caused by "criminal act of sabotage;" elections held; Benazir Bhutto sworn in as first woman prime minister of a Muslim nation

    1990: National elections see Benazir Bhutto's PPP losing to coalition of rightist parties; Nawaz Sharif elected prime minister

    1993: President Ishaq Khan dismisses Sharif's government, citing corruption; elections held; Benazir Bhutto's government wins slim margin; Benazir becomes prime minister

    1996: President Farooq Leghari dismisses Benazir Bhutto; accuses her government of corruption and nepotism

    1997: National elections held; Sharif comes to power again.
    ***************************************



    [This message has been edited by TARIQ786USA (edited July 05, 2001).]
    °º¤ø,¸¸,ø¤º°`° ¤ø,¸°º¤ø,¸¸,ø¤ ºÂ°`°º¤ø,¸,¸¸,ø¤º °`°º¤ø,¸,¸¸,ø¤º° ºÂ¤Ã¸



    A Faith that cannot survive collision with the truth is not worth many regrets.

    #2
    one thing that stands out none of the pakistani leaders stayed long time in power
    to set a policy or provide a continuity.

    Comment


      #3
      Originally posted by rvikz:
      one thing that stands out none of the pakistani leaders stayed long time in power
      to set a policy or provide a continuity.
      rvikz,..I agree with you,...But one thing we Pakistani know,...all our big projects and industerial developements happened during First Martial Law in Pakistan.Though we fell short of democracy from time to time,...But still,....we are in better shape than before.
      Even our Army realises now that,..Military Govt is not in the best interset of Pakistan...If Nawaz Sharif wouldn't have screwed up, still we would have been democratic.I blame him for his political inexperiences.He shouldn't have ordered to stop PIA plane from landing in Karachi.He caused all this chaos.But Don't worry,..our next election are due next year,....we will see.Pakistani people are getting the taste of democracy serious now.Which is a good indicator for future democratic govt.........



      [This message has been edited by TARIQ786USA (edited July 05, 2001).]
      °º¤ø,¸¸,ø¤º°`° ¤ø,¸°º¤ø,¸¸,ø¤ ºÂ°`°º¤ø,¸,¸¸,ø¤º °`°º¤ø,¸,¸¸,ø¤º° ºÂ¤Ã¸



      A Faith that cannot survive collision with the truth is not worth many regrets.

      Comment


        #4
        one positive thing is freedom of press
        is never curtailed throughout its history
        of pakistan .

        Comment


          #5
          Originally posted by rvikz:
          one positive thing is freedom of press
          is never curtailed throughout its history
          of pakistan .
          Thanx for reading and giving your honest input,....We have the past 50 years history of India and Pakistan,..We will be analysing both.I invite and all Indian and Pakistani friends to give their take on this topic.
          rvikz,...thanx again friend,...keep it up.

          °º¤ø,¸¸,ø¤º°`° ¤ø,¸°º¤ø,¸¸,ø¤ ºÂ°`°º¤ø,¸,¸¸,ø¤º °`°º¤ø,¸,¸¸,ø¤º° ºÂ¤Ã¸



          A Faith that cannot survive collision with the truth is not worth many regrets.

          Comment


            #6
            third positive thing is that rule of law has always taken precedence in pak and its leaders have never been corrupt.

            Comment


              #7
              Originally posted by ZZ:
              third positive thing is that rule of law has always taken precedence in pak and its leaders have never been corrupt.
              WELL,WELL,WELL,
              Can you plz elaborate on your comments,..like
              "Rule of law always taken precedence".
              Also,...Leaders Never been corrupt....?
              I am waiting for my Pakistani friends to analyse Indian Histroy too,..Lets see what they come up with....Have to listen both sides of the Aisle...
              BTW,....Personally,...what I think is,..Leaders In India and Pakistan have same mentality,..and competition in corruptions,...Don't imply, as If Indian leaders are getting noble prizez in honesty,...Both countries are suffering and suffered by those parasites.......you know it and everyone knows it.
              °º¤ø,¸¸,ø¤º°`° ¤ø,¸°º¤ø,¸¸,ø¤ ºÂ°`°º¤ø,¸,¸¸,ø¤º °`°º¤ø,¸,¸¸,ø¤º° ºÂ¤Ã¸



              A Faith that cannot survive collision with the truth is not worth many regrets.

              Comment


                #8
                Originally posted by ZZ:
                third positive thing is that rule of law has always taken precedence in pak and its leaders have never been corrupt.
                hehehe look who is talking
                The uncorruptable and untouchable


                Comment

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