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    pakistan's obcession with india

    Pakistan Ought to Concentrate on Pulling Itself Together
    By Stanley A. Weiss

    LONDON - The latest military adventure in Kashmir is yet another variation on a familiar theme, Pakistan’s obsession with India.

    In 1947, after the birth of both nations, Pakistan sent Pathan tribesmen to attack Srinagar, the capital of Kashmir; the attack failed. In 1965, Pakistan infiltrated large numbers of armed militants into Kashmir and ended up losing an all-out war. The most recent incursion appears to be out of the control of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif.

    It is the work of Pakistan’s military intelligence agency supporting religious zealots so bent on integrating Kashmir that they are blind to the disintegration at home.

    Pakistan was an invention of Mohammed Ali Jinnah, who promised a homeland for all of the Muslims living in British India. That dream has failed, since more Muslims live in India than in Pakistan, which is little more than a collection of tribes, warring factions and increasingly radical Islamists.

    The Pashtuns, whose homeland was cut in two by the British, come and go across an artificial border with Afghanistan, trading, smuggling and leading the Taliban militia’s successful takeover of that country. In the mountains near the Khyber Pass, one cannot tell an Afghan Taliban from a Pakistani Taliban. They envision an independent Pashtunistan, incorporating Pakistan’s Northwest Frontier Province with much of Afghanistan.

    The Baluchis of southwest Pakistan feel closer to their ethnic brothers in neighboring Iran and Afghanistan than to the Punjab-dominated central government, which bloodily suppressed their rebellion in the early 1970s.

    Sindh, Pakistan’s second most populous province, is ruled directly by Islamabad to keep order in violence-prone Karachi, the commercial center. It is being torn apart by fighting between the indigenous population and migrants (Muhajirs) from India and Bangladesh. Muhajir groups have begun killing each other.

    The Sindhis, like the Pashtuns and the Baluchis, are chafing under the domination of Pakistan’s most important region, Punjab. With 56 percent of the population, the Punjabis run the country, staffing the officer corps, the civil service and just about everything else.

    Meanwhile, Shiite Muslims, around 20 percent of Pakistan’s population, are being targeted by radical Sunni groups inflamed by the Taliban example. Last year almost 1,000 people were killed in clashes between Sunni and Shiite militants.

    Many extreme Sunni Islamists seem to hate the Shiites more than the West, or India. The existence of the Shiites is an offense against these Sunnis’ vision of a unified ‘’Muslim community of the faithful.’’

    It is this vision that is promoted in more than 7,000 Islamic fundamentalist schools and seminaries that have spread rapidly as Pakistan’s state education failed to push literacy rates above 40 percent. These schools are breeding grounds for ‘’mujahidin,’’ or holy warriors who are sent to Talibanize Kashmir. Graduates also provide the manpower for radical Islamic political parties and for the Sunni Muslim gangs waging the murderous campaign against the Shiites.

    Add to this mix of ethnic conflicts and religious zealotry an economy still reeling from last year’s post-nuclear testing crisis. Trying to keep up with India, a country with 6 times its GDP and 15 times its foreign exchange, Pakistan is running on empty. It has an external debt of $30 billion (half of its GDP) and has been bailed out by the IMF 17 times. The lion’s share of government spending goes to defense and debt service.

    The international community, including China, blames Pakistan for the flare-up in Kashmir. Pakistan’s famous three A’s - Allah, the army and America - may soon become AA, with the United States likely to reimpose trade sanctions and block further IMF loans.

    And, of course, there is the growing impatience of India.

    Incited by militant groups and ultranationalists, many Indians now say that their nation’s problem has been the failure of Hindus to stand up and fight. They insist that Islam’s intolerance and claim to exclusive truth have led to the destruction of Hindu treasures and the defiling of its holy places.

    They cite the centuries when Kashmir was the route of choice for conquerors who swept down from Afghanistan onto the Indian plains, massacring Hindus or converting them to Islam. ‘’Today Srinagar, tomorrow Delhi’’ was the Moghul’s fearsome cry. These Indians believe that nothing has changed. Kashmir is the only Muslim-majority state in India’s union. It affirms the country’s nondenominational character - a single nation with a plurality of religions and cultures. Hindus and Muslims live and work side by side throughout India, contributing to every aspect of the nation’s life. So much so that the father of India’s ‘’Hindu’’ nuclear bomb is a Muslim.

    The worst thing that could happen to Pakistan would be for it to succeed in wresting Kashmir and its 4 million Muslims from India. Led by Hindu extremists, the ethnic cleansing of millions of Muslims living in India would make Bosnia and Kosovo seem like a picnic. And a further flood of refugees would destroy Pakistan.

    Present and former Indian government officials, military leaders, businessmen and journalists - Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs - agree that this is an all too likely outcome. The partition of British India in 1947 created more than 11 million refugees and provoked almost a million deaths.

    Pakistan should revert to Jinnah’s dream of a moderate, secular Islamic state. And when casting envious glares at Kashmir, it needs to remember the adage: Be careful what you wish for, you may get it.

    The writer is founder and chairman of Business Executives for National Security,
    an organization of U.S. business leaders. He contributed this comment to
    the International Herald Tribune.


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    #2
    .

    [This message has been edited by nick (edited January 12, 2001).]

    Comment


      #3
      By the way Rviz, I was impressed by your intellect lekin saara impression [b] obsession[b] ki spelling dekh karr kharaab ho gaya!

      Comment


        #4
        And what about Indian ob"c"ession with Kashmir?

        ------------------
        Who says nothing is impossible? I've been doing nothing all my life!

        Comment


          #5
          Rvikz a good article, but the point is that the author sees reactive policies as obsession.
          Pakistan the smaller country has to react to India, as India has attacked pakistan 3 times.
          What i find hilarious, is the obvious blindness of this author to the nuclear detonation of 1974 and 1971 war.
          Which were all india generated.

          That dream has failed, since more Muslims live in India than in Pakistan,

          Is absolute bull****, as Pakistan has 150 million muslims.
          And India around 140, while BD has 145 or something around there.


          ------------------
          CROIRE A L'INCROYABLE
          You can't fix stupid. So might as well troll them!

          Comment


            #6
            well you can add bangaldeshi and indian muslims toghether both look same and deduct
            kashmiris

            Comment


              #7
              Hey Rikvz
              DO WE HAVE OBSESSION WITH INDIA OR DO INDIA HAVE OBESSION WITH PAKISTAN TELLING US ON OUR OWN PAKISTAN FORUM THAT PAKISTANI ARE OBESSED WITH INDIAN........
              I THINK THAT U INDIANS ARE OBSESSED WITH PAKISTANI ...TELLING US ALL THESE THINGS ABOUT PAKISTAN OUR CULTURE<ReLIGION..
              I think U SHould Fix Your Post Title
              To indias obsession with PAKISTAN

              Comment


                #8
                ok we are obsessed with each other but the difference we can live without pakistan
                but not otherway around

                Comment


                  #9
                  Originally posted by rvikz:
                  well you can add bangaldeshi and indian muslims toghether both look same and deduct
                  kashmiris
                  Huh??
                  Quoting the American President - "that is fuzzy maths".
                  Care to explain in English???


                  ------------------
                  CROIRE A L'INCROYABLE
                  You can't fix stupid. So might as well troll them!

                  Comment


                    #10
                    Hum dono ek doosre se obsessed hain.Ye final hai aur isse lock kiya jaaye.

                    Comment


                      #11
                      No u cannot live with us..

                      Comment


                        #12
                        Bhaiji aap naaraaz na hon.Even if we want to separate its not possible.Is marriage mein talaq nahin chal sakta.Jaise bhi ho nibhani paregi.Is liye hans ke nibhayen to accha.

                        Comment


                          #13
                          pakistan is dependant on its own self..! its not obsessed with India and can live without it!! konsay expatriots (however u spell it..) tapak paray hain yahan?? we're nuclear power now! hamara pakistan nahi darta kisi sai

                          Comment

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