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    what price is jihadi culture?

    what price pakistanis have to pay for jihdi culture?
    pakistan may hapy to use their services for short term goal of liberating kashmir. in long term they will will become big monsters that will swalow pakistan? how pakistan will disband them.

    following article explains the problems faced by pakistan in glorifications of jihadi culture


    What price Jihad culture?


    By Afzaal Mahmood


    THE activities of religious militants in and outside Pakistan have not only created serious domestic problems but have also adversely affected Pakistan's relations with important neighbours and big powers. No doubt there is a clear distinction between Jihad and terrorism. Islam explicitly prohibits terrorism and defines Jihad as a struggle against injustice of any kind. But over the years, the activities of some militant religious groups have become indistinguishable from terrorism, thereby damaging Pakistan's reputation as a stable, moderate and forward-looking Islamic country.

    While Pakistan's support for some sections of the militants has kept the Indian army tied down and off-balance in Kashmir, it has also created a serious principal-agent problem on the domestic front. A stage has been reached where the interests of Pakistan and those of the militants are no longer fully compatible. Some of the militant groups whom Islamabad supports are also known to be involved in acts of sectarian violence with the country. The result is that Islamabad's support for the militants in Kashmir has indirectly and inadvertently promoted sectarian violence in the country.

    Some deeni madrassahs' (religious teaching institutions) which send volunteers to Kashmir also issue anti-Shia fatwas, with the result that Kashmir Jihad has indirectly transformed sectarian differences into a serious social and political conflict with dangerous implications for civil society and governmental authority in Pakistan.

    The rise of sectarianism in Pakistan has created a serious challenge for Islamabad's foreign policy: how to maintain a balance in its relations with two brother Islamic countries - Saudi Arabia and Iran. The policies followed by successive governments have invited outside interference in the internal affairs of Pakistan. By allowing Iran and Saudi Arabia to fund, influence and use some sectarian organizations of their liking, we have virtually encouraged Teheran and Riyad to fight a proxy war on the soil of Pakistan, with serious consequences for sectarian harmony and law and order in the country.

    It is no longer a secret that some militant groups intend to turn Pakistan into a theocracy and introduce a Taliban-style regime in Pakistan. In a recent observation, the US assistant secretary of state, Karl Inderfurth, expressed concern over a "possible Talibanization of Pakistan." He also said that terrorists trained in Afghanistan were making their way into Central Asia, Russia, India and Pakistan to stir up trouble.

    Cognizant of the seriousness of the situation, the government announced in June last a reform plan requiring all madrassahs to register with the government, expand their curricula to include modern disciplines, disclose their sources of funding, seek permission for admitting foreign students and stop sending students to militant training camps. But the madrassahs by and large seem to have ignored the government instructions as only 4,350 of an estimated 40,000 or 50,000 madrassahs in the country have registered with the government. They are also ignoring government instructions not to send students to militant training camps. Since no action has been taken against madrassahs which have refused to register, Islamabad seems reluctant to stir up the hornet's nest and is following the precept that discretion is the better part of valour.

    The most serious threat to Pakistan's relations with other countries is the agenda of some militant groups to export militancy to other countries. The US State Department says that South Asia has replaced the Middle East as "the leading focus" of terrorism in the world. In his testimony before the Senate foreign relations committee a few months ago, CIA director, George J. Tent, observed that "Pakistan's political and economic difficulties and the resulting damage to its institutions have provided fertile grounds for terrorism." Tent went on to disclose that there was now "an intricate web of alliances" among extremists world-wide, including North Africans, radical Palestinians, Pakistanis and Central Asians.

    The US Coordinator for Counter-terrorism, Michael A. Sheehan, in his testimony before the House international relations committee on July 12, observed that "numerous Kashmiri separatist groups and sectarian groups involved in terrorism use Pakistan as a base."

    The activities of Pakistan- and Afghanistan-based Islamic militants have led to a convergence of interests between diverse powers such as the US, Russia, China, India and Iran, resulting in a consensus among them against "Jihadi militancy." President Clinton and Russian President Putin have already agreed to form a bilateral working group to focus on "joint means" to counter the threat emanating from Afghanistan. The Americans are building an international coalition comprising Central Asian states, India, Russia and China for their counter-terrorism efforts in South Asia and the adjoining regions. What is significant is that Washington has quietly begun to align itself with Moscow at a time when the Central Asians are as concerned about the Taliban factor as about Russian efforts to use the spectre of terrorism and Islamic radicalism to regain control of the region.The grouping of five countries comprising Russia, China and three Central Asian states of Kazakhstan, Kyrghystan and Tajikistan, known as the "Shanghai Five" has created a joint anti-terrorist centre based in Kyrghyz capital Bishek to fight cross-border incursions by Islamic extremists and drug traffickers. Pakistan too has expressed a desire to join this group.

    India, whose accent is more on Pakistan than Afghanistan, is trying to cash in on the US and Russian concern about Islamic militancy by coordinating its approaches towards "cross-border terrorism" through Indo-US and Indo-Russian joint working groups on terrorism. The US assistant secretary of state, Karl Inderfurth, during his recent farewell visit to New Delhi, reportedly discussed with Indian officials what kind of government should replace the Taliban in Afghanistan.

    The Russians believe that there are training camps in Taliban-held territory where rebels from Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrghystan, Chechnya and Dagestan (the last two being Russian republics) have taken shelter and are operating from there.

    Even China, a close ally of Pakistan, is concerned about the spread of religious extremism from Afghanistan. There have been reports that Uighur separatists from the Chinese province of Xingiang have taken refuge in Afghanistan and are being trained in terrorist camps there. During his Islamabad visit some months ago, the Chinese foreign minister reportedly discussed with Pakistani officials the problem of terrorism with particular reference to Afghanistan as a training round and a staging posts.

    Pakistan's interior minister Lt-Gen (retd) Moinuddin Haider is to visit Beijing in the last week of this month to hold talks with the Chinese leaders on matters of mutual interest. Though the talks will focus on anti-smuggling measures to be jointly adopted by the two countries, the Chinese side may also raise the issue of Islamic militancy and its promotion by Afghanistan. Mr Moinuddin Haider is also reported to be planning a visit to Kandahar to discuss with the Taliban leadership the impact of the new UN sanctions on Afghanistan and the region as a whole.

    He is also likely to convey to the Taliban the Russian and Chinese concern about the alleged terrorist camps in Afghanistan. He may try to persuade the Taliban leadership to adopt policies in both domestic and external spheres that would improve its image in the eyes of the wider world and break its international isolation.

    Pakistan's concern on the evolving scenario and its likely impact on the region as a whole is evident from reports that a two-day conference of Pakistan envoys to the UN, Afghanistan, Iran, Russia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan will be held in Islamabad on January 18 to discuss the situation arising out of the latest UN sanctions against Afghanistan.The demand of the leaders of about 35 Islamic and Jihadi organizations that Pakistan should reject the UN sanctions against Afghanistan shows how out of touch our religious leaders are with the changing currents of international opinion and shifting political realities. Pakistan has no option but to extend its fullest cooperation to the UN and comply with the logical corollaries of the world body's embargo against Afghanistan.

    The Jihad culture is a legacy of the Zia era as the first "international Jihad" was conceived, promoted and patronized by the Americans to fight the Soviet Union during the Afghan war. The blunder that successive governments in Pakistan have committed was not to disband the Jihadi groups after the withdrawal of the Soviet troops from Afghanistan. The Jihadi militancy and the sectarian violence of the past ten years have tarnished the image of Pakistan as a modern, progressive and forward-looking country. By and large, we are now being viewed as a nation set on a course of regression.

    The time has come when the policy-makers in Islamabad cannot afford to be oblivious of the fact that the interests of Pakistan and those of the militants are increasingly out of step with each other. They must recognize that the culture of violence being propagated and practised by the militants and extremist elements will not only destabilize the entire region but will also prove disastrous for Pakistan.

    http://www.dawn.com/2001/01/15/op.htm#1

    #2
    Rvikz this is an opinion and i happen to agree and disagree with the man.
    Jihad culture has its faults, but they won't go after the govt and stuff like he talks about.
    The guy has everything else down pat, except of the proxy war part which again is crap.

    ------------------
    CROIRE A L'INCROYABLE
    You can't fix stupid. So might as well troll them!

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