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Kashmir; "Integral part of India" or illegal occupation ?

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    Kashmir; "Integral part of India" or illegal occupation ?

    India claims that Kashmir is its ‘integral part’ whereas the people of Jammu and Kashmir regard it as an illegal occupation through an act of aggression by India. The UN and all fair-minded persons consider it as a disputed territory and not part of India. The resistance movement in Kashmir is a national movement, and there is no way out but to admit this fact. In the recent past, India tried its best to raise a smoke screen on the issue, but the battle of Kargil has dispelled it once for all.

    In the first phase of the movement during 1990 itself, this fact was recognised by all as is evident from the report of Mr. Derck Brown, correspondent of the Guardian, London, appearing in its issue of January 28, 1990. The report said:

    "I think the Indians were very embarrassed by the way the foreign press in particular tended to discount the official line namely, that the trouble is the work of handful of malcontents largely supported and inspired by Pakistan. The much more widespread view among foreign correspondents is that it is something more like a popular uprising and it does indeed have a broad base of mass support."

    Christopher Thomas wrote in London Times, of 1st February, 1990:

    "India’s portrayal of Pakistan as instigator of the Kashmir troubles ignores the fact that the separatist movement has mass indigenous support."

    Similarly Financial Times wrote:

    "India’s claim that Pakistan has fomented the trouble and sent armed and trained insurgents across the border, is unproven and unlikely to be true."

    London Economist remarked in the beginning of this movement:

    "Given choice, the Kashmiris would probably opt for independence or for Pakistan".

    During all this while India turned the whole of Kashmir into a ‘no go’ area for the international information media and even today it is hard to make the world know of the correct situation inside Kashmir. There is a ban on Pakistan T.V. and the international representatives, TV camera men and NGOs do not have any access. Whatever happenings are being reported in consequence of the on-going battle, presents a picture that is enough to expose India’s propaganda.

    The representative of The Guardian, London writes from Srinagar in its issue of June 7, 1999:

    "In the Kashmir valley, some 125 miles from the mountain ranges, where India is installing its heaviest concentration of troops and equipment since 1971 war against Pakistan, there is no sympathy for the Indian soldiers whose corpses lie unclaimed on the heights because it would be too dangerous to retrieve them."

    "People are taking pleasure in the discomfiture of Indian soldiers - and that is putting it mildly", said one of the Kashmiri senior police officers. "They say the Indian army has been killing us for so long, now let them get killed."

    "Within the officer corps there are growing fears for the morale of the men - fed by their distrust of a local population which wants revenge for the 25,000 people killed by security forces since the Kashmiri uprising began. In Srinagar, separatist groups have ordered protest strikes and demonstrations against the use of India’s air force along the line of control."

    The representative of The Independent, London, Peter Popham, writes from Delhi in its issue of May 27, 1999:

    "But its population is 90 percent Muslim, and since the beginning of 1990, and the adoption by the Indian authorities of brutal methods to suppress it, they have become deeply disaffected. Pakistan has always insisted that Kashmir belonged to it. India has struggled to maintain the status quo, but since the start of insurgency it has been a losing battle. This celebrated beauty spot has become an armed camp."

    In one of its editorials dated May 28, 1999, New York Times, published by "The International Herald Tribune", writes:

    "The Muslim-dominated state of Kashmir has long been the scene of rebellion of guerrillas seeking independence from India."

    The Economist, London in its editorial column under the caption "Kashmir Again", published on June 12, 1999 writes:

    "India has long contended that peace would return to Kashmir if only Pakistan would stop interfering. That is at best, a half-truth. India has tamed a decade-long insurgency against its rule. There seems to be fewer home-grown insurgents and more foreign infiltrators. But that does not mean Kashmir has returned to normal, or that its people are content to remain under Indian rule. Most Muslims there seem to want independence, rather than ruled by India or Pakistan. India adamantly refuses to offer them their choice."

    The truth speaks itself. Praveen Swami, the representative of an Indian daily The Hindu Group in the latest edition of its magazine Front Line, published on June 18, 1999, writes from Sringar:

    "If after the Kargil conflict, the resistance movements remain in possession there, then Pakistan alongwith pro-Pakistan groups in the rest of Jammu and Kashmir, will be able to claim that anti-India insurgency has spread to all Muslim-dominated areas of the state." (p.22)

    Swami further writes:

    "A special session of the APHC’s executive committee, held in Srinagar on May 27, attacked India’s defensive operations in Kargil claiming that its "unwarranted use of air and ground power has amplified the prospects that peace in the region will be put in peril." Interestingly it suggested that insurgents are of Kashmiri origin, rather than Pakistan irregulars and troops were holding ground in Kargil. "Now that the air force too has been called in to supplement ground troops in order to crash Kashmiri militants", the APHC statement read, "the Kashmir issue has assumed an ominous dimension in the context of peace and security of South Asia region." (p.24)

    Swami expresses his surprise on the point that no leader of Kashmir other than Farooq Abdullah, not even the leaders of National Congress have ‘condemned the Pakistani offensive’. All of them deliberately preferred to be silent. He writes:

    "Mainstream political figures appear to have had nothing to say about the fighting in Kargil. Abdullah has, true to form, attacked Pakistan’s aggression , but other N.C. figures have maintained a studied silence on recent events. No major political figure, but the Chief Minister has even sought to visit the combat zone, and there has been no effort to bring about a coherent political debate on what meaning this summer’s events will have for the state."

    General Krishan Pal, the Commander of 15 Corps of India, in a recent interview has admitted that the Army is engaged in crushing this uprising but it does not enjoy the support of local population. (Reference: Ummat, Karachi, May 27, 1999 - Article by Irshad Mahmood, on "India cannot win this War").

    Real external interventionists and aggressors in Kashmir are - India and its armed forces ¾ . They are being encountered by the entire Kashmiri population and its armed groups with their jihad movements. India cannot belie these facts by implicating Pakistan. The real issue is Kashmir’s freedom from the illegal domination and forcible occupation of India. Their struggle for achieving their right of freedom is not subversion - it is jihad for freedom. It should be upheld and supported by all freedom-loving forces and individuals who cherish the ideals of liberty and democracy. All the supporters and upholders of jihad for freedom are in fact benefactors of humanity and helpers of the oppressed and are certainly not terrorists or miscreants.

    This is the philosophy as well as the message of the French Revolution and of the democratic movements world wide. The democratic process of European nations, the freedom movements of America and their Bill of Rights stand on this base. This very principle is the spirit behind the UN Charter and the Human Rights Convention. The charter of Non-Aligned Movement Countries is the standard bearer of this principle. So far as Muslims are concerned, this principle is a part of their faith. Islam’s concept of ‘jehad’ advocates it. The holy Qur’an proclaims in clear terms:

    "And how is that you do not fight in the way of Allah and in support of the helpless - men, women and children - who pray: ‘Our Lord, bring us out of this land whose people are oppressors and appoint for us from Yourself, a protector, and appoint for us from Yourself a helper? Those who have faith fight in the way of Allah, while those who disbelieve fight in the way of ta’ghut (Satan). Fight, then, against the fellows of Satan. Surely Satan’s strategy is weak." (Al-Nisa : 75 -76)


    if you had posted this before the Pak. incursions, probably a few people might have been fooled, but now, taking into consideration the amount of lies and foot-in-mouth statements that had come out from the mouth of "diplomats" and "army spokespersons" in Islamabad during the last couple of days, i doubt if the above report carries any credulence. It has been a tacit admittance that Pak. is behind insurgency in Kashmir.
    Simple ain't easy.